Traffic congestion in modern cities is an increasing problem having significant consequences in our daily lives. This work proposes a non-intrusive, passive monitoring framework based on the acoustic modality which can be used either autonomously or as a part of a multimodal system and provide valuable information to an intelligent transportation system. We consider a large number of audio classes which are typically encountered in urban areas. We introduce a combination of a powerful audio representation mechanism based on time, frequency and wavelet domain features with universal background modeling which leads to higher recognition accuracies and detection rates (in terms of false alarm and miss probability rates) with respect to commonly employed methodologies. The basic advantage of a class-specific model derived using the universal background modeling logic is its tolerance to data which belong to other sound classes. Another important feature of the proposed system is its ability to detect crash incidents, which apart from their catastrophic impact on human life and property, have negative consequences on the traffic flow. Our experiments are based on the concurrent usage of professional sound effect collections which include audio recordings of high quality. We thoroughly examine the performance of the proposed system on isolated sound events as well as continuous audio streams using confusion matrices and detection error trade-off curves.
Universal background modeling for acoustic surveillance of urban traffic / S. Ntalampiras. - In: DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING. - ISSN 1051-2004. - 31(2014), pp. 69-78.
|Titolo:||Universal background modeling for acoustic surveillance of urban traffic|
|Parole Chiave:||Acoustic signal processing; Generalized sound recognition; Hidden Markov model; Intelligent transportation systems; Universal background modeling; Wavelet packets; Signal Processing; Electrical and Electronic Engineering|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore INF/01 - Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsp.2014.05.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|