The broad Sr isotopic variability exhibited by granitoid rocks is commonly interpreted to reflect the mixing of magmas from different sources. However, evidence from granites and migmatites indicates that melting and magma extraction from crustal sources can occur sufficiently rapidly that trace-element and isotopic equilibration between liquid and residual phases is commonly not achieved. Additionally, evidence from unmelted high-grade metamorphic rocks indicates that major reactant minerals in the fluid-absent melting process, principally biotite and plagioclase, do not always attain equilibrium during regional metamorphism. When these two circumstances occur in combination, the melt does not inherit its radiogenic isotopic signature from the bulk source in a simple way. In such situations, the isotopic composition of the melt will be dependent on the isotopic compositions of the reactant phases and the stoichiometry of the melting reaction. This study has used information from experimental studies of fluid absent partial melting in metapelites and metagreywackes to investigate the consequences of Sr isotopic disequilibrium between the reactant minerals for magma composition. The study demonstrates that a range of isotopically distinct magmas can arise from progressive melting of a single source that is able to undergo melting through different reactions as temperature increases. When translated to the typically layered sources constituted by sedimentary and volcano-sedimentary rocks, this process will produce magmas characterized by Sr isotope variability that reflects the differences in melting reaction stoichiometry within the different layers, even with no bulk-rock isotopic variability between layers. This study demonstrates that the Sr isotope variability commonly observed within granitic suites, as well as at the grain and sub-grain scale within individual magmatic bodies, can be primary, reflecting differences in composition between magma batches produced from the progressive melting of a single source.
Source controlled 87Sr/86Sr isotope variability in granitic magmas : the inevitable consequence of mineral-scale isotopic disequilibrium in the protolith / F. Farina, G. Stevens. - In: LITHOS. - ISSN 0024-4937. - 122:3-4(2011), pp. 189-200.
|Titolo:||Source controlled 87Sr/86Sr isotope variability in granitic magmas : the inevitable consequence of mineral-scale isotopic disequilibrium in the protolith|
FARINA, FEDERICO (Primo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Disequilibrium melting; Granitoid rocks; Sr isotopes; Geochemistry and Petrology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica e Vulcanologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2011.01.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|