INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The role of hepatitis C virus infection as a risk factor for the development and progression of chronic kidney disease in the general population remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the published medical literature was performed to assess whether positive anti-HCV serologic status is associated with higher frequency of chronic kidney disease in the adult general population. We used a random-effects model to generate a summary estimate of the relative risk of chronic kidney disease (defined by lowered glomerular filtration rate or detectable proteinuria) with HCV across the published studies. Meta-regression and stratified analysis were also carried out. RESULTS: Forty studies were eligible (n = 4,072,867 patients), and separate meta-analyses were conducted according to the outcome. Pooling results of longitudinal studies (n = 15 studies, n = 2,299,134 unique patients) demonstrated an association between positive anti-HCV serologic status and increased incidence of CKD, the summary estimate for adjusted HR with HCV across the surveys, 1.54 (95% CI, 1.26; 1.87) (P < 0.001). Between-study heterogeneity was observed (Q value by Chi-squared [χ2] test 500.3, P < 0.0001). The risk of chronic kidney disease related to HCV, in the subset of surveys from Asia was 1.45 (1.27; 1.65) (P < 0.001) (no heterogeneity). According to our meta-regression, ageing (P < 0.0001) and duration of follow-up (P < 0.0001) increased the risk of chronic kidney disease among HCV-positive subjects. We observed a relationship between anti-HCV positive serologic status and frequency of proteinuria, adjusted effect estimate of proteinuria with HCV among surveys was 1.633 (95% CI, 1,29; 2.05) (P < 0.001) (n = 10 studies; 315,404 unique patients). However, between-studies heterogeneity was noted (P value by Q test < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: An association between HCV infection and increased risk of chronic kidney disease in the general population exists. The mechanisms underlying such association are currently under active investigation.
Association Between Hepatitis C Virus and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis / F. Fabrizi, F.M. Donato, P. Messa. - In: ANNALS OF HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 1665-2681. - 17:3(2018 Jun), pp. 364-391.
|Titolo:||Association Between Hepatitis C Virus and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis|
MESSA, PIERGIORGIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Chronic renal insufficiency. Hepatitis C. Interferons. Meta-Analysis. Renal dialysis.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||17-mar-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0011.7382|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|