Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathies (CMTs) are a group of genetic disorders that affect the peripheral nervous system (PNS) with heterogeneous pathogenesis and no available treatment. Axonal Neuregulin 1 type III (Nrg1TIII) drives peripheral nerve myelination by activating downstream signaling pathways such as PI3K/Akt and MAPK/Erk that converge on master transcriptional regulators of myelin genes, such as Krox20. We reasoned that modulating Nrg1TIII activity may constitute a general therapeutic strategy to treat CMTs that are characterized by reduced levels of myelination. Here, we show that genetic overexpression of Nrg1TIII ameliorates neurophysiological and morphological parameters in a mouse model of demyelinating CMT1B, without exacerbating the toxic gain of function that underlies the neuropathy. Intriguingly, the mechanism appears not to be related to Krox20 or myelin gene upregulation, but rather to a beneficial rebalancing in the stoichiometry of myelin lipids and proteins. Finally, we provide proof of principle that stimulating Nrg1TIII signaling, by pharmacological suppression of the Nrg1TIII inhibitor TACE/ADAM17, also ameliorates the neuropathy. Thus, modulation of Nrg1TIII by TACE/ADAM17 inhibition may represent a general treatment for hypomyelinating neuropathies.
Enhanced axonal Neuregulin-1 type-III signaling ameliorates neurophysiology and hypomyelination in a Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1B mouse model / C. Scapin, C. Ferri, E. Pettinato, D. Zambroni, F. Bianchi, U. Del Carro, S. Belin, D. Caruso, N. Mitro, M. Pellegatta, C. Taveggia, M.H. Schwab, K. Nave, M. Laura Feltri, L. Wrabetz, M. D'Antonio. - In: HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS. - ISSN 0964-6906. - (2018 Nov 27). [Epub ahead of print]
|Titolo:||Enhanced axonal Neuregulin-1 type-III signaling ameliorates neurophysiology and hypomyelination in a Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1B mouse model|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||27-nov-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddy411|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|