A first prototype of a readout ASIC in CMOS 65 nm for a pixel detector at High Luminosity LHC is described. The pixel cell area is 50x50 mu m(2) and the matrix consists of 64x64 pixels. The chip was designed to guarantee high efficiency at extreme data rates for very low signals and with low power consumption. Two different analogue front-end designs, one synchronous and one asynchronous, were implemented, both occupying an area of 35x35 mu m(2). ENC value is below 100 e(-) for an input capacitance of 50 IF and in-time threshold below 1000 e(-) Leakage current compensation up to 50 nA with power consumption below 5 mu W. A ToT technique is used to perform charge digitization with 5-bit precision using either a 40 MHz clock or a local Fast Oscillator up to 800 MHz. Internal 10-hit DAC's are used for biasing, while monitoring is provided by a 12-bit ADC. A novel digital architecture has been developed to ensure above 99.5% hit efficiency at pixel hit rates up to 3 GHz/cm(2), trigger rates up to 1 MHz and trigger latency of 12.5 mu s. The total power consumption per pixel is below 5 mu W. Analogue dead-time is below 1%. Data are sent via a serializer connected to a CMOS-to-SLVS transmitter working at 320 MHz. All IP-blocks and front-ends used are silicon-proven and tested after exposure to ionizing radiation levels of 500-800 Mrad. The chip was designed as part of the Italian INFN CHIPIX65 project and in close synergy with the international CERN RD53 and was submitted in July 2016 for production. Early test results for both front-ends regarding minimum threshold, auto-zeroing and low-noise performance are high encouraging and will be presented in this paper.

First measurements of a prototype of a new generation pixel readout ASIC in 65 nm CMOS for extreme rate HEP detectors at HL-LHC / S. Panati, A. Paterno, E. Monteil, L. Pacher, N. Demaria, A. Rivetti, M.D.R. Rolo, R. Wheadon, F. Rotondo, G. Dellacasa, F. Licciulli, F. Loddo, F. Ciciriello, C. Marzocca, S. Mattiazzo, F. De Canio, L. Gaioni, V. Re, G. Traversi, L. Ratti, S. Marconi, G. Magazzu, A. Stabile, P. Placidi - In: 2016 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, Medical Imaging Conference and Room-Temperature Semiconductor Detector Workshop (NSS/MIC/RTSD)[s.l] : IEEE, 2016. - ISBN 9781509016426. - pp. 1-7 (( convegno NSS/MIC/RTSD tenutosi a Strasbourg nel 2016 [10.1109/NSSMIC.2016.8069857].

First measurements of a prototype of a new generation pixel readout ASIC in 65 nm CMOS for extreme rate HEP detectors at HL-LHC

Stabile, A.;
2016

Abstract

A first prototype of a readout ASIC in CMOS 65 nm for a pixel detector at High Luminosity LHC is described. The pixel cell area is 50x50 mu m(2) and the matrix consists of 64x64 pixels. The chip was designed to guarantee high efficiency at extreme data rates for very low signals and with low power consumption. Two different analogue front-end designs, one synchronous and one asynchronous, were implemented, both occupying an area of 35x35 mu m(2). ENC value is below 100 e(-) for an input capacitance of 50 IF and in-time threshold below 1000 e(-) Leakage current compensation up to 50 nA with power consumption below 5 mu W. A ToT technique is used to perform charge digitization with 5-bit precision using either a 40 MHz clock or a local Fast Oscillator up to 800 MHz. Internal 10-hit DAC's are used for biasing, while monitoring is provided by a 12-bit ADC. A novel digital architecture has been developed to ensure above 99.5% hit efficiency at pixel hit rates up to 3 GHz/cm(2), trigger rates up to 1 MHz and trigger latency of 12.5 mu s. The total power consumption per pixel is below 5 mu W. Analogue dead-time is below 1%. Data are sent via a serializer connected to a CMOS-to-SLVS transmitter working at 320 MHz. All IP-blocks and front-ends used are silicon-proven and tested after exposure to ionizing radiation levels of 500-800 Mrad. The chip was designed as part of the Italian INFN CHIPIX65 project and in close synergy with the international CERN RD53 and was submitted in July 2016 for production. Early test results for both front-ends regarding minimum threshold, auto-zeroing and low-noise performance are high encouraging and will be presented in this paper.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/610568
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