Health care services represent an extraordinary experimental ground for introducing wider political and institutional transformations of the state. The adoption of entrepreneurialism into European health care systems has strengthened technocratic decision making over traditional mechanisms of political control. In Italy, in the midst of a severe legitimacy crisis affecting the administrative and political systems at the beginning of the 1990s, New Public Management ideas seemed 'the' remedy against the pathological politicization of distributive politics. Much hope has been placed since in a new and ascending group of general managers, entrusted with the ambitious mission of running health care services more efficiently and with the unenviable expectation of resuscitating public trust in welfare institutions. By analysing the 1992 Amato government's landmark health care reform in its substantive changes, this paper explores the last decade's main reform trajectories of Italian health care reforms that irreversibly transformed its institutional arrangements and organizational structure, namely the enterprise formula and the regionalization of the health care sector. The paper suggests that the political turmoil of 1992-94 served as catalyst for radical policy change and argues that the single most important explanation for the enactment of New Public Management-type reforms rests in a new executive reinterpretation of its legislative prerogatives and function.

The enterprise formula, new public management and the Italian health care system: remedy or contagion? / P. Mattei. - In: PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION. - ISSN 0033-3298. - 84:4(2006), pp. 1007-1027.

The enterprise formula, new public management and the Italian health care system: remedy or contagion?

P. Mattei
2006

Abstract

Health care services represent an extraordinary experimental ground for introducing wider political and institutional transformations of the state. The adoption of entrepreneurialism into European health care systems has strengthened technocratic decision making over traditional mechanisms of political control. In Italy, in the midst of a severe legitimacy crisis affecting the administrative and political systems at the beginning of the 1990s, New Public Management ideas seemed 'the' remedy against the pathological politicization of distributive politics. Much hope has been placed since in a new and ascending group of general managers, entrusted with the ambitious mission of running health care services more efficiently and with the unenviable expectation of resuscitating public trust in welfare institutions. By analysing the 1992 Amato government's landmark health care reform in its substantive changes, this paper explores the last decade's main reform trajectories of Italian health care reforms that irreversibly transformed its institutional arrangements and organizational structure, namely the enterprise formula and the regionalization of the health care sector. The paper suggests that the political turmoil of 1992-94 served as catalyst for radical policy change and argues that the single most important explanation for the enactment of New Public Management-type reforms rests in a new executive reinterpretation of its legislative prerogatives and function.
Settore SPS/04 - Scienza Politica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/609275
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