Synergy and redundancy are concepts that suggest, respectively, adaptability and fault tolerance of systems with complex behavior. This study computes redundancy/synergy in bivariate systems formed by a target X and a driver Y according to the predictive information decomposition approach and partial information decomposition framework based on the minimal mutual information principle. The two approaches assess the redundancy/synergy of past of X and Y in reducing the uncertainty of the current state of X. The methods were applied to evaluate the interactions between heart and respiration in healthy young subjects (n = 19) during controlled breathing at 10, 15 and 20 breaths/minute and in two groups of chronic heart failure patients during paced respiration at 6 (n = 9) and 15 (n = 20) breaths/minutes from spontaneous beat-to-beat fluctuations of heart period and respiratory signal. Both methods suggested that slowing respiratory rate below the spontaneous frequency increases redundancy of cardiorespiratory control in both healthy and pathological groups, thus possibly improving fault tolerance of the cardiorespiratory control. The two methods provide markers complementary to respiratory sinus arrhythmia and the strength of the linear coupling between heart period variability and respiration in describing the physiology of the cardiorespiratory reflex suitable to be exploited in various pathophysiological settings.
Paced breathing increases the redundancy of cardiorespiratory control in healthy individuals and chronic heart failure patients / A. Porta, R. Maestri, V. Bari, B. De Maria, B. Cairo, E. Vaini, M.T. La Rovere, G.D. Pinna. - In: ENTROPY. - ISSN 1099-4300. - 20:12(2018 Dec 01).
|Titolo:||Paced breathing increases the redundancy of cardiorespiratory control in healthy individuals and chronic heart failure patients|
PORTA, ALBERTO (Primo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||generalized mutual information; interaction self-information; bivariate dynamical stochastic system; linear regression model; partial information decomposition; synergy; cardiorespiratory coupling; heart rate variability; autonomic nervous system|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica|
|Progetto:||PIANO DI SOSTEGNO ALLA RICERCA 2015-2017 - LINEA 2 "DOTAZIONE ANNUALE PER ATTIVITA' ISTITUZIONALE"|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-dic-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/e20120949|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|