Application of emerging technologies arise from highly interdisciplinary research and practice areas, connecting results from different fields, such as systems science, Information science, cognitive science, neuroscience, computing, engineering, translational science, neural networks, evolutionary computation, biomedicine, medicine, law, ethics, philosophy. Although there is no universally accepted definition of the autonomous agents and intelligent systems (A/IS) we could refer to them, through their ultimate aim (telos) achieved through their activity (techne), as concrete, variable and context-dependent practical application of knowledge of principles. A/IS are specifically designed to reduce human intervention in our day-to-day lives and to operate robustly in rapidly changing, unpredictable, or open environments, where there is a significant possibility that actions can fail. In so doing, these new fields of research and practice are raising concerns about their impact on individuals and societies, promoting the understanding of the implications that occurs when essential humans faculties (logos), likes intelligence, knowledge, logic behind arguments, decision-making, are performed by A/IS as expression of an algorithm. Current discussions include advocacy for the positive impact, as well as warnings, based on the potential harm to safety, discrimination, privacy, loss of skills, economic Impacts, security of critical infrastructure, and the long-term effects on social well-being. Because of the nature of A/IS technologies, their full benefit will be attained only if their behaviours are aligned with our human defined values, ethical principles and integrity of character (ethos). The effort, and the challenge, is to establish a framework (Nomos) to guide the praxis and inform dialogue and debate around the implications of A/IS that should be based on general principles of ethical design, development, and implementation focusing on human rights, well-being, accountability.
Autonomous agents and intelligenct systems: do no harm, don't discriminate using emerging technologies / C. Spada, U. Genovese, R. Zoia. ((Intervento presentato al 13. convegno World Conference on Bioethics, Medical Ethics and Healt Law. UNESCO Chair in Bioethics tenutosi a Jerusalem nel 2018.
|Titolo:||Autonomous agents and intelligenct systems: do no harm, don't discriminate using emerging technologies|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2018|
|Parole Chiave:||emerging technologies; medicine, law, ethics,|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||United Nations Educational Scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO)|
World medical association (WMA)
World psychiatric association
International Federation of Medical Student Association
Israel medical association (IMA)
Zefat bioethics forum
The international center for health, law and ethics, university of Haifa
|Citazione:||Autonomous agents and intelligenct systems: do no harm, don't discriminate using emerging technologies / C. Spada, U. Genovese, R. Zoia. ((Intervento presentato al 13. convegno World Conference on Bioethics, Medical Ethics and Healt Law. UNESCO Chair in Bioethics tenutosi a Jerusalem nel 2018.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|