Background. Systemic steroids have been advocated in addition to antimicrobial therapy for severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. We evaluated the efficacy of clarithromycin, dexamethasone, and combination therapy for M. pneumoniae respiratory infection. Methods. Mice infected with M. pneumoniae were treated with clarithromycin, dexamethasone, combined clarithromycin/dexamethasone, or placebo daily; mice were evaluated at baseline and after 1, 3, and 6 days of therapy. Outcome variables included M. pneumoniae culture, lung histopathologic score (HPS), and bronchoalveolar lavage cytokine, chemokine, and growth factor concentrations. Results. Clarithromycin monotherapy resulted in the greatest reductions in M. pneumoniae concentrations. After 3 days of treatment, combination therapy significantly reduced lung HPS compared with placebo, clarithromycin, and dexamethasone alone, whereas, after 6 days of therapy, clarithromycin alone and combination therapy significantly reduced lung HPS compared with placebo. Concentrations of interleukin (IL)-12 p40, RANTES, macrophage chemotactic protein-1, and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant were significantly lower in mice treated with clarithromycin alone and/or combination therapy compared with dexamethasone alone and/or placebo; combination therapy resulted in a significantly greater reduction than clarithromycin alone for IL-12 p40 and RANTES. Conclusions. Although monotherapy with clarithromycin had the greatest effect on reducing concentrations of M. pneumoniae, combination therapy had the greatest effect on decreasing levels of cytokines and chemokines as well as pulmonary histologic inflammation.
|Titolo:||The impact of steroids given with macrolide therapy in experimental Mycoplasma pneumoniae respiratory infection|
|Autori interni:||TAGLIABUE, CLAUDIA (Primo)|
ESPOSITO, SUSANNA (Penultimo)
PRINCIPI, NICOLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||community-acquired pneumonia ; placebo-controlled trial ; airway hyperresponsiveness ; pulmonary inflammation ; acute exacerbation ; bronchial-asthma ; double-blind ; mice ; children ; adults|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-ott-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1086/591915|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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