Multiple-point statistics (MPS) has shown promise in representing complicated subsurface structures. For a practical three-dimensional (3-D) application, however, one of the critical issues the difficulty to obtain a credible 3-D training image. However, bidimensional (2-D) training images are often available because established workflows exist to derive 2-D sections from scattered boreholes and/or other samples. In this work, we propose a locality-based MPS approach to reconstruct 3-D geological models on the basis of such 2-D cross-sections, making 3-D training images unnecessary. Only several local training sub-sections closer to the central uninformed node are used in the MPS simulation. The main advantages of this partitioned search strategy are the high computational efficiency and a relaxation of the stationarity assumption. We embed this strategy into a standard MPS framework. Two probability aggregation formulas and their combinations are used to assemble the probability density functions (pdfs) from different sub-sections. Moreover, a novel strategy is adopted to capture more stable pdfs, where the distances between patterns and flexible neighborhoods are integrated on several multiple grids. A series of sensitivity analyses demonstrate the stability of the proposed approach. Several hydrogeological 3-D application examples illustrate the applicability of our approach in reproducing complex geological features. The results, in comparison with previous MPS methods, show better performance in portraying anisotropy characteristics and in CPU cost.
|Titolo:||Locality-based 3-D multiple-point statistics reconstruction using 2-D geological cross-sections|
COMUNIAN, ALESSANDRO (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/12 - Oceanografia e Fisica dell'Atmosfera|
|Data di pubblicazione:||20-dic-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.5194/hess-2018-256|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|