Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) lineages have become major responsible of healthcare- and community-associated infections in human population. Bovine MRSA are sporadically detected in the dairy herd, but its presence enhances the risk of zoonosis. Some lineages are able to lose the specific host tropism, being easily transmitted from animals to humans and vice-versa. The present study aims at clarifying the epidemiology of MRSA intramammary infections in a closed dairy herd, which was running a mastitis control program since years. Quarter milk samples were collected from all lactating cows once a week for 9 weeks and bacteriologically tested. At the end of the follow-up period, also a self-taken nasal swab of the milker was analysed. Three cows (12.5%) were MRSA positive, a fourth showed a transient infection and MRSA was isolated also from the milker's nose. Somatic cell counts of infected quarters fluctuated from 1000 to 1,800,000 cells/mL. The isolates were genotyped using DNA microarrays and identified as the epidemic UK-EMRSA-15 grouping in CC22. All strains carried the genes for β-lactam and macrolide resistance. The milker isolate differed from cow isolates mainly for the absence of the untruncated β-haemolysin and the presence of the immune evasion cluster. The milker had been volunteering in a nursing home since months, thus playing the role of MRSA vector into the herd. Our results showed the adaptive capacity of such MRSA to the bovine host. Therefore, we suggest that CC22-MRSA should be regarded as a potential cause of reverse zoonosis in dairy cattle herds.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC22-MRSA-IV as an agent of dairy cow intramammary infections / G. Magro, M. Rebolini, D. Beretta, R. Piccinini. - In: VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0378-1135. - 227(2018 Dec), pp. 29-33.
|Titolo:||Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC22-MRSA-IV as an agent of dairy cow intramammary infections|
MAGRO, GIADA (Primo) [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
PICCININI, RENATA (Ultimo) [Writing – Review & Editing] (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||CC22-MRSA-IV; Dairy cow mastitis; Reverse zoonosis; S. aureus; Zoonosis; Microbiology; Veterinary (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.10.021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|