Background: Multiple myeloma is a genetically complex disease where early hits include chromosome 14 (IGH) translocations or hyperdiploidy. Later events are additional copy number alterations (CNAs), e.g. gain 1q, deletion 13q or 17p as well as somatic mutations. Currently, translocations and CNAs are commonly assessed via fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) in the clinical setting. Recently, targeted DNA assays have been evaluated in myeloma cell lines and showed correlation with conventional methods. Aims: To interrogate genomic aberrations in primary samples from patients with multiple myeloma and we developed a targeted next generation sequencing panel, called myTYPE, and compared detection rates to those from FISH. Methods: In the myTYPE assay, baits were designed to capture the entire IGH locus where the vast majority of the chromosome 14 breakpoints occur, genome wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for hyperdiploidy and other CNAs, as well as exons of 120 frequently mutated somatic genes in multiple myeloma. To validate the capture of IGH translocations and CNAs using myTYPE, 46 samples from 22 patients with multiple myeloma as well as bone marrow samples from 16 healthy individuals were analyzed. All samples were sequenced using 126 bp paired end reads using Illumina HiSeq with a mean target depth of ~600x. All patient samples contained a high percentage of plasma cells. After sequencing, CNAs and translocations were identified using validated bioinformatic algorithms such as CNVkit, Brass and Delly. Results: We found that the targeted sequencing assay myTYPE was equally good or better for detecting IGH translocations and CNAs compared to FISH. Using myTYPE, a higher number of t(4;14) and t(11;14) and equally many t(14;16) were captured using myTYPE in relation to FISH. (Table 1) Hyper- diploidy was detected in 14% and 22% with FISH and myTYPE, respectively. Greater numbers of 1q gains and 13/13q deletions were found using myTYPE while the number of 17p deletions were similar. Since myTYPE covers genome-wide SNPs, this assay was able to detect additional CNAs such as 6q deletion, 8p deletion, 16q gain, and trisomy 8 that were not targeted by FISH. In 4 multiple myeloma patients enrolled on a study protocol allowing for sev- eral parallel bone marrow/extramedullary disease biopsies in the same patient, the same IGH translocations and CNAs were detected across all sites of extramedullary disease except in two samples where a 6q deletion and 8p deletion were not detected in one sample each. This is likely explained by clonal heterogeneity, i.e. that the CNA was not present since we have no rea- son to suspect sequencing failure in these samples. Summary and Conclusions: In this analysis, based on the targeted DNA capture assay myTYPE used head-to-head with FISH on primary samples from patients with plasma cell myeloma, we found that the sensitivity for detecting IGH translocations and CNAs was higher using the targeted sequencing approach as compared to FISH. Furthermore, using myTYPE, we found additional CNAs not covered by FISH, as FISH detects only the probe-specific alterations. Translocations and CNAs can be detected with high sensitivity also using whole genome sequencing, however, targeted sequencing is less complex and more cost-effective. In summary, targeted sequencing using myTYPE is an effective and sensitive approach to assess IGH translocations and chromosomal gains and losses in multiple myeloma and there are ongoing efforts to implement sequencing-based assays to replace FISH in the clinical setting.
Mytype targeted next generation sequencing assay for detection of igh translocations and copy number alterations in multiple myeloma / M. Hultcrantz, V. Yellapantula, E. Holth Rustad, H. Landau, C. Iacobuzio-Donahue, T. Akhlaghi, I. Amit, G. Ledergor, N. Korde, S. Mainlankody, D. Kazandjian, A. Patel, N. Bolli, E. Papaemmanuil, O. Landgren. - In: HEMASPHERE. - ISSN 2572-9241. - 2:S1(2018), pp. PF525.213-PF525.214. ((Intervento presentato al 23. convegno European Hematology Association : June, 14th - 17th tenutosi a Stockholm (Sweden) nel 2018.
|Titolo:||Mytype targeted next generation sequencing assay for detection of igh translocations and copy number alterations in multiple myeloma|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|