We aimed to evaluate the safety and MRI efficacy of interferon beta-1b (IFNβ-1b) 375 μg (subcutaneously [sc] every other day [eod]) in relapsingremitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients with a suboptimal response to IFNβ-1b 250 μg, i.e., with MRI activity or relapses. The OPTimization of Interferon for MS (OPTIMS) study was a prospective multicenter randomized phase 2 trial comprising a 6-month run-in phase (to identify suboptimal responders) and a 6-month randomized phase of open-label clinical and blinded MRI follow-up. During run-in all patients were treated with IFNβ-1b 250 μg sc eod; during the study phase suboptimal treatment responders were randomized either to IFNβ-1b 250 or 375 μg sc eod. Primary outcome was the proportion of patients without MRI activity during study Months 9–12 according to the intention-totreat principle. 216 RRMS patients entered the study: 83 suboptimal responders were identified and randomized, 7 refused to continue treatment, 76 were included in the analysis. More patients treated with 375 μg had no MRI activity at Months 9–12 (30/36 vs.16/40; relative risk, 0.28; 95 % confidence interval, 0.08–0.47; p = 0.0001). Sensitivity analysis (“worst case scenario”) confirmed the results. No new or unexpected adverse events were observed, but there was a trend towards more withdrawals in the 375 μg group. Increasing the dose of IFNβ-1b from 250 μg to 375 μg is a successful strategy for reducing subclinical signs of disease activity in RRMS patients. Further studies are needed to show whether this dose may also improve clinical efficacy.
|Titolo:||The OPTimization of Interferon for MS study : 375 mug interferon beta-1b in suboptimal responders|
|Parole Chiave:||Immunomodulatory drugs; Interferon beta (IFNβ); MRI activity; Multiple sclerosis; Suboptimal treatment response|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-set-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00415-008-0879-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|