The Prep1 homeodomain transcription factor is essential in embryonic development. Prep1 hypomorphic mutant mouse (Prep1i/i) embryos (embryonic day 9.5) display an increased terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling reaction compared to wild-type (WT) littermates. Prep1i/i mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) show an increased basal level of annexin V binding activity, reduction of the mitochondrial-membrane potential, and increased caspase 9 and 3 activation, indicating increased apoptosis. Prep1i/i MEFs also respond faster than WT MEFs to genotoxic stress, indicating increased activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathways. We did not observe an increase in p53 or an abnormal p53 response to apoptotic stimuli. However, hypomorphic MEFs have decreased endogenous levels of antiapoptotic Bcl-XL mRNA and protein, and Bcl-x overexpression rescues the defect of Prep1i/i MEFs. Using transient transfections and chromatin immunoprecipitation, we identified the Bcl-x promoter as a novel target of Prep1. Thus, Prep1 directly controls mitochondrial homeostasis (and the apoptotic potential) by modulating Bcl-x gene expression.
|Titolo:||Prep1 directly regulates the intrinsic apoptotic pathway by controlling Bcl-XL levels|
MICALI, NICOLA (Primo)
BLASI, FRANCESCO BRUNO ARTURO (Penultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1128/MCB.01273-08|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|