This PhD thesis contains results about two different main topics. The first part deals with the application of continuously monitored quantum systems to high precision quantum metrology. A continuous in time measurement on a quantum system is a kind indirect measurement, which only weakly perturbs the system and leaves room for it to evolve under its dynamics. This time-continuous measurement allows one to collect information about some interesting parameter characterizing the dynamics. In this thesis we show how to apply the theory of quantum parameter estimation to continuously monitored quantum systems. In particular, we study the estimation of a magnetic field applied to an ensemble of two level atoms; we show that by continuously monitoring the system we can obtain a quadratic scaling of the precision with the number of atoms, in two different physical settings (dynamically generated entanglement or initial entanglement). In the second part we study different aspects of nonclassicality of continuous variable quantum systems (bosonic degree of freedoms). They can be described by distributions (in particular, the Wigner function) on a classical phase space, which however can take negative values, the hallmark of nonclassicality. In this context, states with a Gaussian distribution are very useful and very well studied; however, on a fundamental level they must be considered classical. We present several studies connected to the vast topic of non-Gaussian states, starting from an application to parameter estimation, as a link to the first part. We study the relationships between anharmonic Hamiltonians and the nonclassicality of their ground states; we also explore the connection between a quantum effect called `backflow of probability' and the negativity of the Wigner function. We end by showing that quantum operations made out of Gaussian building blocks give rise to a well-defined resource theory of Wigner negativity and non-Gaussianity.
CONTINUOUS MEASUREMENTS AND NONCLASSICALITY AS RESOURCES FOR QUANTUM TECHNOLOGIES / F. Albarelli ; supervisor: M. G. A. Paris ; coordinatore: F. Ragusa. - Milano : Università degli studi di Milano. DIPARTIMENTO DI FISICA, 2018 Nov 19. ((31. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2018.
|Titolo:||CONTINUOUS MEASUREMENTS AND NONCLASSICALITY AS RESOURCES FOR QUANTUM TECHNOLOGIES|
|Supervisori e coordinatori interni:||RAGUSA, FRANCESCO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||19-nov-2018|
|Parole Chiave:||quantum metrology; continuous measurements; quantum trajectories; nonclassicality; resource theory; non-Gaussian states|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Citazione:||CONTINUOUS MEASUREMENTS AND NONCLASSICALITY AS RESOURCES FOR QUANTUM TECHNOLOGIES / F. Albarelli ; supervisor: M. G. A. Paris ; coordinatore: F. Ragusa. - Milano : Università degli studi di Milano. DIPARTIMENTO DI FISICA, 2018 Nov 19. ((31. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2018.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.13130/albarelli-francesco_phd2018-11-19|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Tesi di dottorato|