This study explores the relationship between the entrepreneurial orientation of university departments and their entrepreneurial performance, in terms of academic entrepreneurship (spin-offs) and knowledge transfer (patents) outcomes. Moreover, we investigate how internal and external contextual variables interact in this relation. Using survey data from 294 heads of university departments in four different European countries (Italy, Spain, UK and Portugal), we found that entrepreneurial orientation is positively related to the number of spinoffs generated and that this relation is positively moderated by the departments' age and size, as well as the country GDP per capita and R&D expenditure. Surprisingly, entrepreneurial orientation is negatively associated with the number of patents. We further explore the moderating role of contextual variables, discussing our results.
European universities seeking entrepreneurial paths: the moderating effect of contextual variables on the entrepreneurial orientation-performance relationship / A. Riviezzo, S.C. Santos, F. Liñán, M. Rosaria Napolitano, F. Fusco. - In: TECHNOLOGICAL FORECASTING AND SOCIAL CHANGE. - ISSN 0040-1625. - 141(2019 Apr), pp. 232-248.
|Titolo:||European universities seeking entrepreneurial paths: the moderating effect of contextual variables on the entrepreneurial orientation-performance relationship|
|Parole Chiave:||Entrepreneurial universities; Entrepreneurial orientation; Spin-offs; Patents; Contextual variables; European countries|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore SECS-P/08 - Economia e Gestione delle Imprese|
Settore SECS-P/07 - Economia Aziendale
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||2-nov-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.10.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|