DC-SIGN (Dendritic Cell-Specific ICAM-3 Grabbing Nonintegrin) is a C-type (Calcium dependent) lectin, expressed as homotetramers (presenting four copies of a Carbohydrate Recognition Domain (CRD) at the C-terminus) on the surface of immature Dendritic Cells. [1] Dendritic Cells (DCs) areone of the most important class of Antigen Presenting Cells (APCs). They recognize many pathogens through various receptors such as DC-SIGN. After recognition, the pathogen is internalized and DCs mature and migrate to lymph nodes.[2] Then, DCs relay the corresponding processing antigens as MHC complexes to naive T-cells, which differentiate allowing the appropriate immuno-reponse. Some of these pathogens, such as HIV, hijack this mechanism to infect the immune system: they are recognized by DCs but escape the processing pathway. Thus, they can remain “hidden” inside the dendritic cells for many days, being able to reach and infect their target T-cells. The main carbohydrate ligand recognized by DC-SIGN is the high mannose glycan (Man)9(GlcNAc)2 , also known as Man9, a branched oligosaccharide which is presented in multiple copies by several pathogen glycoproteins (gp120, GP1, …). Hence, multivalent mannose display should be an adequate strategy to interact with this lectin with high affinity. In vivo, mannosides are normally hydrolyzed by mannosidases: the use of a structural mimic in place of the natural sugar could avoid an easy degradation in a biological environment. The aim of this project is to design and prepare products that meet these requirements. So far we have demonstrated that the monovalent mimic 1 shown in Figure 1[3] interacts with DC-SIGN (using NMR) and inhibits the DC-SIGN mediated infection in a pseudo-typed Ebola virus model. Moreover, this molecule has been conjugated to a Boltorn-type, leading to neo-glycoconjugates that inhibit the binding of DC-SIGN to gp120 (envelope protein of HIV). In this communication we will report the synthesis of new monovalent inhibitors and the results of their binding assays by SPR. We will show also the synthesis of some multivalent compounds. Acknowledgments. This work was supported by Azioni Integrate Italia-Spagna (IT074ABCCM). [1] T. B. H. Geijtenbeek, , Y. van Kook, et al., Cell 2000, 100, 575-585. [2] Y. van Kooyk, T. B. H. Geijtenbeek, Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2003, 3, 697-709. [3] José J. Reina, Sara Sattin, Donatella Invernizzi, Silvia Mari, Lorena Martínez-Prats, Georges Tabarani, Franck Fieschi, Rafael Delgado, Pedro M. Nieto, Javier Rojo, Anna Bernardi, ChemMedChem , 2007, 2(7),1030-1036.

Design and synthesis of inhibitors of DC-sign mediated infections / S. Sattin, A. Bernardi, F.J. Rojo, J.J. Reina, G. Tabarani, F. Fieschi. ((Intervento presentato al 2.. convegno Euchems Chemistry Congress tenutosi a Torino nel 2008.

Design and synthesis of inhibitors of DC-sign mediated infections

S. Sattin
Primo
;
A. Bernardi
Secondo
;
2008-09

Abstract

DC-SIGN (Dendritic Cell-Specific ICAM-3 Grabbing Nonintegrin) is a C-type (Calcium dependent) lectin, expressed as homotetramers (presenting four copies of a Carbohydrate Recognition Domain (CRD) at the C-terminus) on the surface of immature Dendritic Cells. [1] Dendritic Cells (DCs) areone of the most important class of Antigen Presenting Cells (APCs). They recognize many pathogens through various receptors such as DC-SIGN. After recognition, the pathogen is internalized and DCs mature and migrate to lymph nodes.[2] Then, DCs relay the corresponding processing antigens as MHC complexes to naive T-cells, which differentiate allowing the appropriate immuno-reponse. Some of these pathogens, such as HIV, hijack this mechanism to infect the immune system: they are recognized by DCs but escape the processing pathway. Thus, they can remain “hidden” inside the dendritic cells for many days, being able to reach and infect their target T-cells. The main carbohydrate ligand recognized by DC-SIGN is the high mannose glycan (Man)9(GlcNAc)2 , also known as Man9, a branched oligosaccharide which is presented in multiple copies by several pathogen glycoproteins (gp120, GP1, …). Hence, multivalent mannose display should be an adequate strategy to interact with this lectin with high affinity. In vivo, mannosides are normally hydrolyzed by mannosidases: the use of a structural mimic in place of the natural sugar could avoid an easy degradation in a biological environment. The aim of this project is to design and prepare products that meet these requirements. So far we have demonstrated that the monovalent mimic 1 shown in Figure 1[3] interacts with DC-SIGN (using NMR) and inhibits the DC-SIGN mediated infection in a pseudo-typed Ebola virus model. Moreover, this molecule has been conjugated to a Boltorn-type, leading to neo-glycoconjugates that inhibit the binding of DC-SIGN to gp120 (envelope protein of HIV). In this communication we will report the synthesis of new monovalent inhibitors and the results of their binding assays by SPR. We will show also the synthesis of some multivalent compounds. Acknowledgments. This work was supported by Azioni Integrate Italia-Spagna (IT074ABCCM). [1] T. B. H. Geijtenbeek, , Y. van Kook, et al., Cell 2000, 100, 575-585. [2] Y. van Kooyk, T. B. H. Geijtenbeek, Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2003, 3, 697-709. [3] José J. Reina, Sara Sattin, Donatella Invernizzi, Silvia Mari, Lorena Martínez-Prats, Georges Tabarani, Franck Fieschi, Rafael Delgado, Pedro M. Nieto, Javier Rojo, Anna Bernardi, ChemMedChem , 2007, 2(7),1030-1036.
DC-SIGN ; carbohydrate mimics ; SPR ; NMR
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
Design and synthesis of inhibitors of DC-sign mediated infections / S. Sattin, A. Bernardi, F.J. Rojo, J.J. Reina, G. Tabarani, F. Fieschi. ((Intervento presentato al 2.. convegno Euchems Chemistry Congress tenutosi a Torino nel 2008.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/60169
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