Displacement monitoring of large bridges is an important source of information concerning their health state. In this paper, a procedure based on satellite Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) data is presented to assess bridge health. The proposed approach periodically assesses the displacements of a bridge in order to detect abnormal displacements at any position of the bridge. To demonstrate its performances, the displacement characteristics of two bridges, the Nanjing-Dashengguan High-speed Railway Bridge (NDHRB, 1272 m long) and the Nanjing- Yangtze River Bridge (NYRB, 1576-m long), are studied. For this purpose, two independent Sentinel-1 SAR datasets were used, covering a two-year period with 75 and 66 images, respectively, providing very similar results. During the observed period, the two bridges underwent no actual displacements: thermal dilation displacements were dominant. For NDHRB, the total thermal dilation parameter from the PSI analysis was computed using the two different datasets; the difference of the two computations was 0.09 mm/°C, which, assuming a temperature variation of 30 °C, corresponds to a discrepancy of 2.7 mm over the total bridge length. From the total thermal dilation parameters, the coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) were calculated, which were 11.26 × 10−6/°C and 11.19 × 10−6/°C, respectively. These values match the bridge metal properties. For NYRB, the estimated CTE was 10.46 × 10−6/°C, which also matches the bridge metal properties (11.26 × 10−6/°C). Based on a statistical analysis of the PSI topographic errors of NDHRB, pixels on the bridge deck were selected, and displacement models covering the entire NDHRB were established using the two track datasets; the model was validated on the six piers with an absolute mean error of 0.25 mm/°C. Finally, the health state of NDHRB was evaluated with four more images using the estimated models, and no abnormal displacements were found.

Displacement Monitoring and Health Evaluation of Two Bridges Using Sentinel-1 SAR Images / Q. Huang, O. Monserrat, M. Crosetto, B. Crippa, Y. Wang, J. Jiang, Y. Ding. - In: REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 2072-4292. - 10:11(2018 Oct 10), p. 1714.

Displacement Monitoring and Health Evaluation of Two Bridges Using Sentinel-1 SAR Images

B. Crippa;
2018-10-10

Abstract

Displacement monitoring of large bridges is an important source of information concerning their health state. In this paper, a procedure based on satellite Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) data is presented to assess bridge health. The proposed approach periodically assesses the displacements of a bridge in order to detect abnormal displacements at any position of the bridge. To demonstrate its performances, the displacement characteristics of two bridges, the Nanjing-Dashengguan High-speed Railway Bridge (NDHRB, 1272 m long) and the Nanjing- Yangtze River Bridge (NYRB, 1576-m long), are studied. For this purpose, two independent Sentinel-1 SAR datasets were used, covering a two-year period with 75 and 66 images, respectively, providing very similar results. During the observed period, the two bridges underwent no actual displacements: thermal dilation displacements were dominant. For NDHRB, the total thermal dilation parameter from the PSI analysis was computed using the two different datasets; the difference of the two computations was 0.09 mm/°C, which, assuming a temperature variation of 30 °C, corresponds to a discrepancy of 2.7 mm over the total bridge length. From the total thermal dilation parameters, the coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) were calculated, which were 11.26 × 10−6/°C and 11.19 × 10−6/°C, respectively. These values match the bridge metal properties. For NYRB, the estimated CTE was 10.46 × 10−6/°C, which also matches the bridge metal properties (11.26 × 10−6/°C). Based on a statistical analysis of the PSI topographic errors of NDHRB, pixels on the bridge deck were selected, and displacement models covering the entire NDHRB were established using the two track datasets; the model was validated on the six piers with an absolute mean error of 0.25 mm/°C. Finally, the health state of NDHRB was evaluated with four more images using the estimated models, and no abnormal displacements were found.
SAR interferometry; displacement monitoring; Sentinel-1; permanent scatterers; thermal dilation; health monitoring
Settore ICAR/06 - Topografia e Cartografia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/601412
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