Regional innovation systems (RISs) are increasingly emerging in less developed areas. Based on the case study of the mechatronic cluster in the Italian southern region, Apulia, this paper analyses how institutions have managed to promote the establishment of a RIS in disadvantaged areas. Through a longitudinal analysis over more than half a century, the Apulian case study shows that the creation of this RIS in less developed areas is the result of a dynamic process characterised by a multi-level governance, initially promoted by the central government through a top-down logic, and then integrated by action of local actors through a bottom-up approach. A key role is played by the regionalisation of innovation policies and by the strategic action of regional public institutions to promote the interaction among enterprises and universities. Our analysis highlights that several ingredients should simultaneously occur for a regional innovation policy to be effective. Any regional innovation strategy significantly lacking one of these core pre-conditions and ingredients is risky. Policy-makers should carefully study the opportunities and challenges arising from local contexts before embarking in ambitious place-based innovation strategies.
|Titolo:||How do research intensive systems emerge in less developed areas? The case of mechatronics in the Italian southern region Apulia|
|Parole Chiave:||case study; Italy; less developed area; mechatronics; regional innovation system; regionalisation of innovation policy; RIS; technological cluster; 3304; computer science applications1707 computer vision and pattern recognition; management of technology and innovation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore SECS-P/02 - Politica Economica|
Settore SECS-P/03 - Scienza delle Finanze
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1504/IJTLID.2018.091799|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|