Background: Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is a major threat to patients with trauma and spontaneous bleeding. The aim of the study was to investigate early effects of vasopressin on metabolic and hemodynamic parameters and endothelium permeability by measuring capillary leakage compared to those of other resuscitation strategies in a HS model. Methods: Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into five groups: S group (n = 5), sham-operated rats without shock or resuscitation; HS group (n = 10), HS and no resuscitation; RL group (n = 10), HS and resuscitation with Ringer's lactate (RL); RLB group (n = 10), HS and resuscitation with two-third shed blood plus RL; and vasopressin group (n = 10), HS and resuscitation with RL, followed by continuous infusion of 0.04 U/kg/min vasopressin. The effects of resuscitation on hemodynamic parameters [mean arterial pressure (MAP), superior mesenteric artery blood flow (MBF), and mesenteric vascular resistances (MVR)], arterial blood gases, bicarbonate, base deficit, and lactate levels as well as on capillary leakage in the lung, ileum, and kidney were investigated. Capillary leakage was evaluated with Evans blue dye extravasation. Results: In the vasopressin group, the MAP was higher than in the RL and RLB groups (p < 0.001), while MBF was decreased (p < 0.001). MVR were increased only in the vasopressin group (p < 0.001). Capillary leakage was increased in the lungs of the animals in the vasopressin group compared to that in the lungs of animals in the RLB group (p < 0.05); this increase was associated with the lowest partial pressure of oxygen (p < 0.05). Conversely, decreased capillary leakage was observed with vasopressin in the ileum (p < 0.05). Increased capillary leakage was observed in the kidney in the RLB and vasopressin groups (p < 0.05). Lastly, vasopressin use was associated with higher base deficit and lactate levels when compared to the RL and RLB groups (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Although vasopressin was proposed as a vasoactive drug for provisional hemodynamic optimization in the early phase of HS resuscitation, the overall findings of this experimental study focus on the possible critical side effects of vasopressin on metabolic parameters and endothelium permeability.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of capillary leakage after vasopressin resuscitation in a hemorrhagic shock model|
CHIARA, OSVALDO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Hemorrhage; Shock treatment; Arginine vasopressin; Vasopressors; Arginine vasopressin; Hemorrhage; Shock treatment; Vasopressors; Animals; Arterial Pressure; Capillary Leak Syndrome; Capillary Permeability; Lung; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Resuscitation; Shock, Hemorrhagic; Vasopressins; Surgery; Emergency Medicine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-mar-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1186/s13017-018-0172-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|