Mycobacterium tuberculosis FprA is a NADPH-ferredoxin reductase, functionally and structurally similar to the mammalian adrenodoxin reductase. It has been proposed on the basis of crystallographic data that the highly conserved His57 and Glu214 whose side chains are H-bonded are involved in catalysis. Both residues were individually changed to nonionizable amino acyl residues through site-directed mutagenesis. Steady-state kinetics showed that the role of Glu214 in catalysis is negligible. On the contrary, the substitutions of His57 markedly impaired the catalytic efficiency of FprA for ferredoxin in the physiological reaction. Furthemore, they decreased the kcat/Km value for NADPH in the ferricyanide reduction. Rapid-reaction kinetic analysis of the isolated reductive half-reaction of wildtype and His57Gln forms of FprA with NADPH and NADH allowed a detailed description of the mechanism of enzyme-bound FAD reduction, with the identification of the intermediates involved. The His57Gln mutation caused a 6-fold decrease in the rate of hydride transfer from either NADPH or NADH to the enzyme-bound FAD cofactor. The three-dimensional structure of NFR-H57Q, obtained at 1.8 Å resolution, reveals a sub-optimal geometry of the nicotinamide-isoalloxazine interaction in the active site. These data demonstrate the role of His57 in the correct binding of NADPH to FprA for the subsequent steps of the catalytic cycle to proceed at a high rate.

Probing the catalytic mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis NADPH-ferredoxin reductase by protein engineering, rapid kinetics and X-ray crystallography / A. Pennati ; A. Aliverti, G. Zanetti. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE BIOMOLECOLARI E BIOTECNOLOGIE, 2006. ((19. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2005/2006.

Probing the catalytic mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis NADPH-ferredoxin reductase by protein engineering, rapid kinetics and X-ray crystallography

A. Pennati
2006

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis FprA is a NADPH-ferredoxin reductase, functionally and structurally similar to the mammalian adrenodoxin reductase. It has been proposed on the basis of crystallographic data that the highly conserved His57 and Glu214 whose side chains are H-bonded are involved in catalysis. Both residues were individually changed to nonionizable amino acyl residues through site-directed mutagenesis. Steady-state kinetics showed that the role of Glu214 in catalysis is negligible. On the contrary, the substitutions of His57 markedly impaired the catalytic efficiency of FprA for ferredoxin in the physiological reaction. Furthemore, they decreased the kcat/Km value for NADPH in the ferricyanide reduction. Rapid-reaction kinetic analysis of the isolated reductive half-reaction of wildtype and His57Gln forms of FprA with NADPH and NADH allowed a detailed description of the mechanism of enzyme-bound FAD reduction, with the identification of the intermediates involved. The His57Gln mutation caused a 6-fold decrease in the rate of hydride transfer from either NADPH or NADH to the enzyme-bound FAD cofactor. The three-dimensional structure of NFR-H57Q, obtained at 1.8 Å resolution, reveals a sub-optimal geometry of the nicotinamide-isoalloxazine interaction in the active site. These data demonstrate the role of His57 in the correct binding of NADPH to FprA for the subsequent steps of the catalytic cycle to proceed at a high rate.
ALIVERTI, ALESSANDRO
ZANETTI, GIULIANA
Mycobacterium tuberculosis ; drug target ; enzyme ; flavoprotein ; site-directed mutagenesis ; catalytic mechanism ; enzyme-substrate complex ; charge-transfer complex ; hydride transfer
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Probing the catalytic mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis NADPH-ferredoxin reductase by protein engineering, rapid kinetics and X-ray crystallography / A. Pennati ; A. Aliverti, G. Zanetti. - : . DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE BIOMOLECOLARI E BIOTECNOLOGIE, 2006. ((19. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2005/2006.
Doctoral Thesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/59924
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