Although the Sensitrite Yeast-One (SYO) and Etest methods are widely utilized, interpretive criteria are not available for triazole susceptibility testing of Candida or Aspergillus species. We collected fluconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole and voriconazole SYO and Etest MICs from 39 laboratories representing all continents for (method-agent-dependent): 11,171 Candida albicans, 215 C. dubliniensis, 4,418 C. glabrata species complex (SC), 157 C. (Meyerozyma) guilliermondii, 676 C. krusei (Pichia kudriavzevii), 298 C (Clavispora) lusitaniae, 911 and 3,691 C. parapsilosissensu stricto (SS) and C. parapsilosisSC, respectively, 36 C. metapsilosis, 110 C. orthopsilosis, 1,854 C. tropicalis, 244 Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 1,409 Aspergillus fumigatus, 389 A. flavus, 130 A. nidulans, 233 A. niger, and 302 A. terreus complexes. SYO/Etest MICs for 282 confirmed non-WT isolates were included: ERG11 (C. albicans), ERG11 and MRR1 (C. parapsilosis), cyp51A (A. fumigatus), and CDR2, CDR1 overexpression (C. albicans and C. glabrata, respectively). Interlaboratory modal agreement was superior by SYO for yeast spp., and by the Etest for Aspergillus spp. Distributions fulfilling CLSI criteria for ECV definition were pooled and we proposed SYO ECVs for S. cerevisiae, 9 yeast and 3 Aspergillus species, and Etest ECVs for 5 yeast and 4 Aspergillus species. The posaconazole SYO ECV of 0.06 µg/ml for C. albicans and the Etest itraconazole ECV of 2 µg/ml for A. fumigatus were the best predictors of non-WT isolates. These findings support the need for method-dependent ECVs, as overall, the SYO appears to perform better for susceptibility testing of yeast spp. and the Etest for Aspergillus spp. Further evaluations should be conducted with more Candida mutants.
|Titolo:||Method-dependent epidemiological cutoff values (ECVs) for detection of triazole resistance in Candida and Aspergillus species for the SYO colorimetric broth and Etest agar diffusion methods|
|Parole Chiave:||Aspergillus spp.; Candida glabrata; Candida albicans; Etest MICs for fungal mutants; Etest method ECVs; SYO MICs for fungal mutants; SYO method ECVs; antifungal resistance; triazole ECVs|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||15-ott-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1128/AAC.01651-18|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|