Acute promyelocytic leukemia is a clonal expansion of hematopoietic precursors blocked at the promyelocytic stage. The differentiation block can be reversed by retinoic acid, which induces blast maturation both in vitro and in vivo. Acute promyelocytic leukemia is characterized by a 15;17 chromosome translocation with breakpoints within the retinoic acid alpha receptor (RAR alpha) gene on 17 and the PML gene, which encodes a putative transcription factor, on 15. A PML-RAR alpha fusion protein is formed as a consequence of the translocation. We expressed the PML-RAR alpha protein in U937 myeloid precursor cells and showed that they lost the capacity to differentiate under the action of different stimuli (vitamin D3 and transforming growth factor beta 1), acquired enhanced sensitivity to retinoic acid, and exhibited a higher growth rate consequent to diminished apoptotic cell death. These results provide evidence of biological activity of PML-RAR alpha and recapitulate critical features of the promyelocytic leukemia phenotype.
The acute promyelocytic leukemia-specific PML-RAR alpha fusion protein inhibits differentiation and promotes survival of myeloid precursor cells / F. Grignani, P.F. Ferrucci, U. Testa, G. Talamo, M. Fagioli, M. Alcalay, A. Mencarelli, F. Grignani, C. Peschle, I. Nicoletti, P.G. Pelicci. - In: CELL. - ISSN 0092-8674. - 74:3(1993 Aug 13), pp. 423-431.
|Titolo:||The acute promyelocytic leukemia-specific PML-RAR alpha fusion protein inhibits differentiation and promotes survival of myeloid precursor cells|
PELICCI, PIER GIUSEPPE (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Retinoic acid receptor; adenosine 3’-5’monophosphate-inducing agents; granulocytic differentiation; T(15-17) translocation; molecular evaluation; residual disease; gene-expression; flow-cytometry; C-MYC; apoptosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-ago-1993|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(93)80044-F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|