Quenching of the triplet state of tryptophan by close contact with cysteine provides a tool for measuring the rate of intramolecular contact formation, one of the most elementary events in the folding process, in peptides and proteins using only natural probes. Here we present a study performed on a stabilized mutant of the second β-hairpin of the GB1 domain, where we combine steady-state fluorescence, laser-induced temperature-jump, and contact formation measurements to unveil the role of elementary structural components on hairpin dynamics and overall stability. In particular, our methodology provides access to the conformational dynamics of both the folded and unfolded state of the hairpin under native conditions, revealing the presence of extremely slow dynamics on the microsecond time scale in the unfolded state and coexistence of structures with partial pairing of the tails in the folded state. Comparing model peptides that mimic the turn sequence, we found that both ion pairing and hydrogen bonding due to the threonine side chain contribute to the propensity of turn formation but not to the much slower dynamics of the hydrophobic core formation. Interestingly, the dynamics of the turn region in isolation are significantly faster than the dynamics measured for the unfolded state of the complete hairpin, suggesting that non-native hydrophobic contacts slow down the reconfiguration dynamics of the unfolded state. Overall, the information extracted from these experiments provides kinetic limits on interconversions among conformational populations, hence enabling a simplified multistate free-energy landscape for the GB1 hairpin to be drawn.

Dynamics of Structural Elements of GB1 β-Hairpin Revealed by Tryptophan-Cysteine Contact Formation Experiments / A. Soranno, F. Cabassi, M.E. Orselli, T. Cellmer, A. Gori, R. Longhi, M. Buscaglia. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. B, CONDENSED MATTER, MATERIALS, SURFACES, INTERFACES & BIOPHYSICAL. - ISSN 1520-6106. - 122:49(2018 Dec 13), pp. 11468-11477. [10.1021/acs.jpcb.8b07399]

Dynamics of Structural Elements of GB1 β-Hairpin Revealed by Tryptophan-Cysteine Contact Formation Experiments

A. Soranno
Primo
;
A. Gori;M. Buscaglia
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Quenching of the triplet state of tryptophan by close contact with cysteine provides a tool for measuring the rate of intramolecular contact formation, one of the most elementary events in the folding process, in peptides and proteins using only natural probes. Here we present a study performed on a stabilized mutant of the second β-hairpin of the GB1 domain, where we combine steady-state fluorescence, laser-induced temperature-jump, and contact formation measurements to unveil the role of elementary structural components on hairpin dynamics and overall stability. In particular, our methodology provides access to the conformational dynamics of both the folded and unfolded state of the hairpin under native conditions, revealing the presence of extremely slow dynamics on the microsecond time scale in the unfolded state and coexistence of structures with partial pairing of the tails in the folded state. Comparing model peptides that mimic the turn sequence, we found that both ion pairing and hydrogen bonding due to the threonine side chain contribute to the propensity of turn formation but not to the much slower dynamics of the hydrophobic core formation. Interestingly, the dynamics of the turn region in isolation are significantly faster than the dynamics measured for the unfolded state of the complete hairpin, suggesting that non-native hydrophobic contacts slow down the reconfiguration dynamics of the unfolded state. Overall, the information extracted from these experiments provides kinetic limits on interconversions among conformational populations, hence enabling a simplified multistate free-energy landscape for the GB1 hairpin to be drawn.
Protein folding; beta-hairpin; loop formation; tryptophan triplet state; temperature jump; fluorescence; protein folding kinetics; free-energy landscape
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
14-set-2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/596964
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