We present a study on the isoscalar quadrupole strength in tin nuclei, focusing mainly on the low-energy region. The calculations are performed using the Skyrme-type energy density functionals within the fully self-consistent quasiparticle random phase approximation, allowing for a good description of the experimental data for the first 2+ state and the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance. It is found that the first 2+ state and the low-energy quadrupole states between 3 and 6 MeV display an opposite behavior with increasing neutron number. While the strength of the first 2+ state decreases, some excited states start to accumulate between 3 and 6 MeV, and increase their strength with increasing neutron number. This low-energy region between 3 and 6 MeV is quite sensitive to the changes in the shell structure with increasing neutron number. In particular, between Sn116 and Sn132, the filling of the neutron orbitals with large values of j, has an important impact on the low-energy region. Our analysis shows that the low-energy states have a noncollective character, except the first 2+ state. In addition, the states in the low-energy region above 5 MeV display an interesting pattern: with the increase of the neutron number, their strength increases and their nature changes, namely they switch from proton excitations to neutron-dominated one. We conclude that the low-energy quadrupole states between 3 and 6 MeV can provide information about the shell evolution in open-shell nuclei.

Low-energy quadrupole states in neutron-rich tin nuclei / E. Yuksel, G. Colò, E. Khan, Y. Niu. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW C. - ISSN 2469-9985. - 97:6(2018 Jun 13), pp. 064308.064308-1-064308.064308-11. [10.1103/PhysRevC.97.064308]

Low-energy quadrupole states in neutron-rich tin nuclei

G. Colò
Secondo
;
2018

Abstract

We present a study on the isoscalar quadrupole strength in tin nuclei, focusing mainly on the low-energy region. The calculations are performed using the Skyrme-type energy density functionals within the fully self-consistent quasiparticle random phase approximation, allowing for a good description of the experimental data for the first 2+ state and the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance. It is found that the first 2+ state and the low-energy quadrupole states between 3 and 6 MeV display an opposite behavior with increasing neutron number. While the strength of the first 2+ state decreases, some excited states start to accumulate between 3 and 6 MeV, and increase their strength with increasing neutron number. This low-energy region between 3 and 6 MeV is quite sensitive to the changes in the shell structure with increasing neutron number. In particular, between Sn116 and Sn132, the filling of the neutron orbitals with large values of j, has an important impact on the low-energy region. Our analysis shows that the low-energy states have a noncollective character, except the first 2+ state. In addition, the states in the low-energy region above 5 MeV display an interesting pattern: with the increase of the neutron number, their strength increases and their nature changes, namely they switch from proton excitations to neutron-dominated one. We conclude that the low-energy quadrupole states between 3 and 6 MeV can provide information about the shell evolution in open-shell nuclei.
Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
European Nuclear Science and Application Research 2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/596444
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