This paper reviews the environmental impact of current livestock practices and discusses the advantages offered by Precision Livestock Farming (PLF), as a potential strategy to mitigate environmental risks. PLF is defined as: “the application of process engineering principles and techniques to livestock farming to automatically monitor, model and manage animal production”. The primary goal of PLF is to make livestock farming more economically, socially and environmentally sustainable and this can be obtained through the observation, interpretation of behaviours and, if possible, individual control of animals. Furthermore, adopting PLF to support management strategies, may lead to the reduction of the environmental impact of farms. Currently, few studies reported PLF efficacy in reducing the environmental impact, however further studies are necessary to better analyze the actual potential of PLF as a mitigation strategy. Literature shows the potentiality of the application of PLF, as the introduction of PLF in farms can lead to a reduction of Greenhouse gases (GHG) and ammonia (NH3) emission in air, nitrates and antibiotics pollution in water bodies, phosphorus, antibiotics and heavy metals in the soil.
Review: Environmental impact of livestock farming and Precision Livestock Farming as a mitigation strategy / E. Tullo, A. Finzi, M. Guarino. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 650:part. 2(2019 Feb 10), pp. 2751-2760.
|Titolo:||Review: Environmental impact of livestock farming and Precision Livestock Farming as a mitigation strategy|
TULLO, EMANUELA (Primo)
FINZI, ALBERTO (Secondo)
GUARINO, MARCELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Precision livestock farming, environmental impact, Mitigation strategy, Livestock farming|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/10 - Costruzioni Rurali e Territorio Agroforestale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-feb-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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