Smart-homectivity recognition is an enabling tool for a wide range of ambient assisted living applications. The recognition of ADLs usually relies on supervised learning or knowledge-based reasoning techniques. In order to overcome the well-known limitations of those two approaches and, at the same time, to combine their strengths to improve the recognition rate, many researchers investigated Markov Logic Networks (MLNs). However, MLNs require a non-trivial effort by experts to properly model probabilities in terms of weights. In this paper, we propose a novel method based on ProbLog. ProbLog is a probabilistic extension of Prolog, which allows to explicitly define probabilistic facts and rules. With respect to MLN, the inference mode of ProbLog is based on the closed-world assumption and it has faster response times. We propose a simple and flexible ProbLog model, which we exploit to recognize complex ADLs in an online fashion. Considering a dataset with 21 subjects, our results show that our method reaches high F-measure (83%). Moreover, we also show that the response time of ProbLog is satisfying for real-time applications.
|Titolo:||Modeling and Reasoning with ProbLog: An Application in Recognizing Complex Activities|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore INF/01 - Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||8-ott-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/PERCOMW.2018.8480299|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|