The intronic hexanucleotide repeat expansion, GGGGCC (or G4C2), in the C9ORF72 gene is the most common genetic cause of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD). Above 30 and up to hundreds repeats, G4C2 expansion is transcribed in aberrant RNAs that fold in G-quadruplexes structures and generate RNA foci within motorneurons. Additionally, they also located in the cytoplasm and can be translated via the unconventional repeat-associated non-ATG translation (RANT) into five toxic dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins that accumulate in cells and are thought to be toxics. Unlike ATG-initiated translation, RANT is selectively enhanced by the integrated stress response (ISR) pathway via phosphorylation on serine 51 of eIF2alpha and vice versa. Both RAN foci and RANT products are considered the causative factors of the disease but, so far, no effective pharmacological approach is currently available. Here, we performed a high-throughput drug-screening in fluorescent assay to identify modulators of RANT of the G4C2 expansion. Effective small molecules were divided into four categories: positive CAP and RANT products modulators, negative CAP and RANT products modulators, positive RANT products and negative CAP products modulators, negative RANT products and positive CAP products modulators. Selective hits were tested to evaluate their toxicity in a dose-response analysis and to assess whether their mechanisms of action affect general transcription and translation. Results show that compounds #5 and #11 significantly reduce RANT products without changing RFP protein expression level and #11 also modulates the autophagy activation, suggesting RANT products might be selectively removed by this degradative pathway.
Identification and characterization of rant modulators of the G4C2 expansion / N. Licata, V. D’Agostino, C. Zucal, R. Loffredo, R. Cristofani, V. Adami, M. Pancher, A. Quattrone, A. Poletti, A. Provenzani. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Focus on ALS tenutosi a Genova nel 2018.
|Titolo:||Identification and characterization of rant modulators of the G4C2 expansion|
|Data di pubblicazione:||27-set-2018|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata|
|Citazione:||Identification and characterization of rant modulators of the G4C2 expansion / N. Licata, V. D’Agostino, C. Zucal, R. Loffredo, R. Cristofani, V. Adami, M. Pancher, A. Quattrone, A. Poletti, A. Provenzani. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Focus on ALS tenutosi a Genova nel 2018.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|