To evaluate the ability of a 3D culture system in improving the nuclear and molecular competence of canine oocytes, barium alginate microcapsules were used for in vitro maturation (IVM) and the expression profile of one selected oocyte‐secreted factor, the growth differentiation factor‐9 (GDF‐9) was analysed. In Experiment I, canine grade I cumulus–oocyte complexes (COCs) were in vitro matured in 3D microcapsules in a controlled atmosphere for 72 hr, and meiosis resumption rates were compared to those of oocytes cultured in traditional 2D microdrops of medium. In Experiment II, a primer pair specific for canine GDF‐9 was designed, and preliminary tested in conventional PCR on genomic DNA. Total RNA content was isolated from oocytes at different time intervals (T0‐T24‐T48‐T72) during in vitro 3D culture, and a reverse transcription to cDNA was performed. The expression of target gene was assessed by quantitative Reverse Transcription Real‐Time PCR (qRT‐PCR), and the obtained amplicons were sequenced to check the specificity of the analysis. Canine COCs resumed meiosis at higher rates in 3D microcapsules than in 2D microdrops (p < 0.05), even though no significant differences in the proportions of oocytes achieving full maturational stages were obtained. A significant dynamic decrease in GDF‐9 expression was recorded during culture: after 72 hr of IVM, the GDF‐9 transcription significantly dropped (p = 0.018) compared to 24 and 48 hr. In conclusion, in vitro 3D culture represents an efficient system for IVM of canine oocytes, and the expression profile of GDF‐9 well reflects temporal dynamics for the acquisition of developmental competence in this species.

Nuclear competence and genetic expression of growth differentiation factor‐9 (GDF-9) of canine oocytes in 3D culture / M.G. Morselli, M. Loiacono, M. Colombo, M. Mortarino, G.C. Luvoni. - In: REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS. - ISSN 0936-6768. - 53:suppl. 3(2018 Nov), pp. 117-124. ((Intervento presentato al 20. convegno Congress of the European-Veterinary-Society-for-Small-Animal-Reproduction (EVSSAR) tenutosi a Wien nel 2017 [10.1111/rda.13336].

Nuclear competence and genetic expression of growth differentiation factor‐9 (GDF-9) of canine oocytes in 3D culture

M.G. Morselli
;
M. Loiacono;M. Colombo;M. Mortarino;G.C. Luvoni
Ultimo
2018-11

Abstract

To evaluate the ability of a 3D culture system in improving the nuclear and molecular competence of canine oocytes, barium alginate microcapsules were used for in vitro maturation (IVM) and the expression profile of one selected oocyte‐secreted factor, the growth differentiation factor‐9 (GDF‐9) was analysed. In Experiment I, canine grade I cumulus–oocyte complexes (COCs) were in vitro matured in 3D microcapsules in a controlled atmosphere for 72 hr, and meiosis resumption rates were compared to those of oocytes cultured in traditional 2D microdrops of medium. In Experiment II, a primer pair specific for canine GDF‐9 was designed, and preliminary tested in conventional PCR on genomic DNA. Total RNA content was isolated from oocytes at different time intervals (T0‐T24‐T48‐T72) during in vitro 3D culture, and a reverse transcription to cDNA was performed. The expression of target gene was assessed by quantitative Reverse Transcription Real‐Time PCR (qRT‐PCR), and the obtained amplicons were sequenced to check the specificity of the analysis. Canine COCs resumed meiosis at higher rates in 3D microcapsules than in 2D microdrops (p < 0.05), even though no significant differences in the proportions of oocytes achieving full maturational stages were obtained. A significant dynamic decrease in GDF‐9 expression was recorded during culture: after 72 hr of IVM, the GDF‐9 transcription significantly dropped (p = 0.018) compared to 24 and 48 hr. In conclusion, in vitro 3D culture represents an efficient system for IVM of canine oocytes, and the expression profile of GDF‐9 well reflects temporal dynamics for the acquisition of developmental competence in this species.
canine; GDF‐9; in vitro 3D culture; oocytes
Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria
Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali
25-nov-2018
European Society for Small Animal Reproduction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/592369
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