The mechanical behavior of carbonate-bearing fluorapatite (CFAP) (with up to 5.5 wt% CO3) was investigated at high pressure up to 7 GPa. The incorporation of carbonate in CFAP samples was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy. The chemical formulae and cell parameters are Ca4.90Fe0.04(PO4)2.87(CO3)0.13F1.23and a = 9.3527(1), c = 6.8752(1) Å, V = 520.83(1) Å3for the FOW CFAP (Fowey Consols area, UK), and Ca4.97Sr0.03(PO4)2.55(CO3)0.45F1.42and a = 9.3330(1), c = 6.8984(1) Å, V = 520.38(1) Å3for the FRA CFAP (Framont region, France). Preliminary characterization at ambient conditions was done by single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. The structure refinements, in space group P63/m, confirm a type-B substitution of the phosphate (PO4)3−group by the carbonate ion (CO3)2−. The site occupancies for the C atom are 0.04 for FOW and 0.11 for FRA CFAP, in quite good agreement with the 1.6 and 5.5 wt% CO3amount obtained by analytical methods. Single-crystal high-pressure XRD study on the two type-B CFAP samples was performed. The FOW and FRA crystals were mounted concurrently in a ETH-type DAC and cell parameters were determined at 26 different pressures up to 6.86 GPa at room T. The variation with pressure of the unit-cell parameters and volume shows no discontinuity that could be related to any possible phase transition in the P range investigated. The linear compressibility coefficients are βa= 3.63 × 10−3GPa−1and βc= 2.47 × 10−3GPa−1for FOW, and βa= 3.67 × 10−3GPa−1and βc= 2.65 × 10−3GPa−1for FRA, giving an axial anisotropy of βa:βc= 1.47:1 and 1.38:1, respectively. The P-V data were fitted by a second-order Birch–Murnaghan EoS and the resulting BM2-EoS coefficients are V0= 519.81(7) Å3, KT0= 92.1(3) GPa for FOW, and V0= 518.95(9) Å3, KT0= 89.1(4) GPa for FRA CFAP. The results obtained indicate that a 5.5 wt% CO3content (type-B) reduces the isothermal bulk modulus by about 9%.
|Titolo:||The effect of type-B carbonate content on the elasticity of fluorapatite|
CAMARA ARTIGAS, FERNANDO (Primo) [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
|Parole Chiave:||Bulk modulus; Carbonate-rich fluorapatite; Crystal structure; EoS; FTIR spectra; HP SC-XRD; Materials Science (all); Geochemistry and Petrology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-set-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00269-018-0962-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|