Background. In combination with everolimus (EVL), cyclosporine A (CsA) may be used at low exposure, so reducing the risk of renal dysfunction in renal transplant recipients (RTR). We evaluated whether higher exposure of EVL could allow a further reduction of CsA. Methods. De novo RTR were randomized to standard exposure EVL (CO 3-8 ng/mL) with low-concentration CsA (C2 maintenance levels 350-500 ng/mL, group A) or higher EVL exposure (CO 8-12 ng/mL) with very low-concentration CsA (C2 maintenance levels 150-300 ng/mL, group B). The primary endpoints were 6-month creatinine clearance (CrCl) and biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) rate. After 6 months, patients were followed up (observational extension) to 12 months. Results. Two hundred eighty-five RTR (97% from deceased donors) were enrolled. Two patients per group died (1.4%). The 6-month death-censored graft survival was 90.2% in group A and 97.9% in group B and was unchanged at 12 months (P=0.007). There was no significant difference between groups at 6 months in CrCl (59.9 vs. 57.8 mL/min) and BPAR rates (14.7% vs. 11.9%) and also at 12 months (CrCl 62.5 +/- 20.7 vs. 61.3 +/- 22.0 mL/min, BPAR 14.7% vs. 14.1%). No significant differences were seen in treated acute rejections, steroid-resistant acute rejections, treatment failures, or delayed graft function, although there was a trend to better results in group B. Conclusions. EVL given at higher exposure for 6 months plus very low CsA concentration may obtain low acute rejection rate and good graft survival in De novo renal transplantation. However, there was no difference between groups in CrCl.
|Titolo:||Everolimus with very low-exposure cyclosporine a in de novo kidney transplantation: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial|
|Parole Chiave:||Kidney transplantation; Immunosuppression; Randomized clinical trial|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/TP.0b013e3181bb43ec|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|