Areas covered: The article reports the most relevant recent contributions dealing with calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) physiology as well as cinacalcet pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. It also looks at the different hypercalcemic conditions where the use of cinacalcet has been proposed. This article was researched using clinical trials, case reports and outstanding basic research published in the last 3 years (MEDLINE database up to 31 November 2010). It provides the reader with an insight into the many unaddressed issues regarding cinacalcet that need to be resolved before it can be used in newly proposed fields. Expert opinion: Since cinacalcet may not only have an effect on parathyroid CaSR but also on CaSR expressed at bone and renal levels, it can currently only be considered a good alternative to parathyroidectomy in PTH-dependent hypercalcemic conditions when surgical intervention is burdened by a high failure rate or when it can be considered a risky procedure. At present, cinacalcet cannot be considered the first choice treatment in asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism or in mild-to-moderate forms of familial hypocalciuric hypocalcemia.
|Titolo:||Clinical utilization of cinacalcet in hypercalcemic conditions|
|Parole Chiave:||calcium sensing receptor; cinacalcet; hypercalcemia; parathyroid hormone; primary hyperparathyroidism; renal transplantation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1517/17425255.2011.562196|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|