Until the discovery of calcimimetics, the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) relied exclusively on treatment with phosphate binders, vitamin D derivatives or surgical parathyroidectomy with limited success. The therapeutic use of calcimimetic agents, together with a better understanding of the pivotal role of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in the physiological regulation of parathyroid gland function, substantially advanced the management of hyperparathyroidism in dialysis practice. Calcimimetics bind selectively to the CaSR receptor in parathyroid tissue and enhance the inhibitory effect of extracellular calcium ions on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, thereby reducing PTH levels even when serum calcium concentrations are normal or low. The availability of calcimimetic agents for clinical use has opened a new era in the management of patients with SHPT. Indeed, calcimimetic compounds have been shown to reduce PTH levels and to lower serum calcium concentrations in all forms of hyperparathyroidism, including primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and parathyroid carcinoma. Such findings underscore the critical importance of the CaSR as a therapeutic target in this family of clinical disorders. New calcimimetic agents are being developed that have the potential to offer improved efficacy and safety compared with currently available calcimimetic compounds.
The Use of Calcimimetics for the Treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism: A 10 Year Evidence Review / M. Rodríguez, W.G. Goodman, V. Liakopoulos, P. Messa, A. Wiecek, J. Cunningham. - In: SEMINARS IN DIALYSIS. - ISSN 0894-0959. - 28:5(2015 Sep), pp. 497-507.
|Titolo:||The Use of Calcimimetics for the Treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism: A 10 Year Evidence Review|
|Parole Chiave:||Calcium-sensing receptor; chronic kidney-disease; smooth-muscle-cells; vitamin-D-receptor; familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia; patients receiving hemodialysis; parathyroid-hormone secretion; AMG 416 velcalcetide; extracellular calcium; cinacalcet HCL|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sdi.12357|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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