Minced cartilage fragments are a viable cell source for one stage cartilage repair. However, the joint surface is a low oxygen tension microenvironment and little evidence is present in literature regarding the behaviour of cartilage fragments in this peculiar condition. The aim of the study is i) to verify if low oxygen tension could negatively influence chondrocyte outgrowth from cartilage fragments into a Hyaluronic-Acid(HA)/fibrin scaffold and ii) to evaluate its effects on the behaviour of migrating chondrocyte, compared to normoxic condition. A slight decrease in chondrocyte migration and proliferation was observed in low oxygen tension cultures. Conversely, an increase in the expression of SOX9, β-catenin, HIFs, collagen-I and II (p<0.05) in migrating chondrocytes from low oxygen tension cultures was present. Thus, a long term- exposure at low oxygen tension seems to improve the chondrocytic phenotype expression of cell outgrowing from cartilage fragments onto a HA/fibrin scaffold.
One-step cartilage repair with minced chondral fragment on a composite scaffold: an in vitro human study at low oxygen tension / A.G. Marmotti, G.M. Peretti, S. Mattia, L. Mangiavini, D.E. Bonasia, F. Dettoni, E. Bellato, S. Schwienbacher, F. Castoldi. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL REGULATORS & HOMEOSTATIC AGENTS. - ISSN 0393-974X. - 31:4 suppl. 1(2017), pp. 113-120.
|Titolo:||One-step cartilage repair with minced chondral fragment on a composite scaffold: an in vitro human study at low oxygen tension|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|