PurposeNeuroendocrine tumors of the lung (LNETs)encompass a heterogeneous group of lesions, including tumors withno or low metastatic potential, such as typical (TCs) and atypical (ACs) carcinoids, and highly aggressive neuroendocrine carcinomas. To date, only a few biomarkers with prognostic impact have been identified in LNETs. Previous experimental studies have suggested that the cytokine CXCL12 might have a role in stratifying the outcome of lung cancer as well as LNET patients. However, the reliability of immunohistochemical (IHC) tissue expression of CXCL12 in evaluating the prognosis of resected LNETs is currently not known.MethodsHere, we subjected a cohort of 112 resected LNETs specifically enriched for ACs to IHC for CXCL12 and Ki67 using routine procedures. The clinical value of CXCL12 was assessed by applying the Cox proportional-hazards model to overall and disease-free survival rates.ResultsWe found that CXCL12 was expressed in 8.3 to 38% of LNETs, depending on the different diagnostic categories. Upon survival analysis, when considering the whole cohort, we found that CXCL12-positive cases exhibited shorter disease-free survival rates compared to CXCL12-negative cases. Among ACs, tumors overexpressing CXCL12 showed significantly shorter disease-free survivalrates. Finally, we found that the Ki67 index in ACs was higher in the CXCL12-positive cases.ConclusionCXCL12 immunohistochemistry may serve as a potentially useful tool to better stratify LNETs, and more specifically ACs, in clinical practice.
CXCL12 expression is a bona fide predictor of recurrence in lung neuroendocrine tumours; a multicentric study with emphasis on atypical carcinoids - a short report / A. Del Gobbo, N. Fusco, M. Barella, G. Ercoli, A. Sciarra, A. Palleschi, F. Pagni, C. Marchiò, M. Papotti, S. Ferrero. - In: CELLULAR ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2211-3428. - 41:6(2018 Dec), pp. 687-691.
|Titolo:||CXCL12 expression is a bona fide predictor of recurrence in lung neuroendocrine tumours; a multicentric study with emphasis on atypical carcinoids - a short report|
DEL GOBBO, ALESSANDRO (Primo) [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
FUSCO, NICOLA (Secondo) [Writing – Review & Editing]
FERRERO BOGETTO, STEFANO (Ultimo) [Supervision] (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||CXCL12; Carcinoids; Lung neuroendocrine tumours; Prognostic biomarkers|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||4-set-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13402-018-0401-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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