Apium nodiflorum (L.) Lag. (water celery) is an hydrophytic plant forming dense submerged populations occurring along streams and rivers of Europe. In the present work we provided new insights into the phytochemistry and biology of A. nodiflorum. In particular, we studied the chemical profile of essential oil and polar extracts obtained from the flowering aerial parts of water celery growing in central Italy, together with the essential oil biological activities, namely antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity on tumour cells. In addition, we correlated the productivity in secondary metabolites to the secreting structures through a detailed micromorphological study. The essential oil was dominated by two main chemotypes, characterized by myristicin and limonene, respectively. The oils showed significant toxicity on tumour cells, as evidenced by the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, with IC50 values in the range 3.8–15.9 μg mL−1, together with inhibitory effects on Candida albicans (inhibition zones of 10–11 mm). HPLC-MS analysis showed the caffeoylquinic acids and quercetin-3-O-glucoside as the most abundant phenolic compounds. Ducts and vittae were the principal secretory structures of vegetative (leaves and stems) and reproductive (fruits) parts, respectively, storing mainly essential oil. Results of this work provide scientific evidences for the possible valorization and exploitation of water celery.
|Titolo:||Secondary metabolites, secretory structures and biological activity of water celery (Helosciadium nodiflorum (L.) Koch) growing in central Italy|
|Parole Chiave:||Apium nodiflorum; essential oil; phenolic compounds; secretory structures; biological activity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-lug-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||10-lug-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/11263504.2018.1492992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|