Optimal early nutritional support is considered a crucial issue in the care of the preterm infant, particularly of those with very low- or extremely low-brithweight. Unfortunately, this goal is seldom satisfactorily attained. Several conditions such as hypoxia, acidosis, patent ductus arteriosus, drug therapy, reduced intestinal motility may interfere with an adequate nutritional delivery in the early neonatal period. Moreover, there is still concern about metabolic and intestinal tolerance of the currently suggested intakes and a lack of uniformity in the nutritional program among different NICUs. Finally, the vast majority of the available preterm formulas are not fully adequate to the real nutritional needs of these infants. Inadequate protein content and inappropriate protein energy ratio of most preterm formulas represent a matter of major concern, since there is a strict relationship between formula composition and the quantity and quality of weight gain. As a consequence there is a need of at least two milk formulas for different preterm infants: one for LBW and VLBW infants, the other for preterm infants weighing >1500 g.
|Titolo:||Considerations and approaches in determining the protein and energy composition of preterm infant formulas|
|Autori interni:||MOSCA, FABIO|
|Parole Chiave:||Preterm formulas; Preterm infant; Protein requirements; Protein/energy ratio|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/08035320510043565|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|