The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is involved in cell migration and tissue remodelling, as a receptor for pro-uPA, as a cell adhesion component, and in a soluble form as a chemoattractant. We have analyzed the presence and the molecular forms of uPAR and uPAR-fragments in urine of ovarian cancer patients in comparison with tumour tissue, ascites, and serum. Carcinoma tissue contained high levels of uPAR, but more abundantly the D2D3-fragment. Ascitic fluid contained similar ratio's of suPAR fragments as corresponding tumour tissue, but serum only contained intact suPAR. Interestingly, urine contained predominantly the uPAR-fragments D1 and D2D3, and the pattern of these fragments was different in cancer patients as compared to healthy individuals. To confirm the hypothesis that circulating and urinary suPAR and suPAR-fragments originate from the tumour tissue, the presence of human suPAR (fragments) was analyzed in mice xenografted with human tumours. Indeed, high levels of urinary D1 fragment were found in mice carrying a tumour displaying cleaved uPAR on the cell surface, but little or no D1 was found in the urine from mice carrying a tumour with full-length uPAR. Mouse serum contained only intact suPAR. Our data demonstrate that the enhanced levels of suPAR fragments in the urine of cancer patients is likely to originate from uPAR expressed in the tumour tissue. Considering the biological activities that uPAR fragments display, the level and typing of uPAR fragments in urine might therefore be clinically more relevant than the plain serum uPAR content.
|Titolo:||Metabolism of tumour-derived urokinase receptor and receptor fragments in cancer patients and xenografted mice|
|Parole Chiave:||Cancer; Cleavage; Fragments; uPAR; Urine; Hematology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1160/TH03-06-0351|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|