An experimental1H NMR relaxometry investigation on iron oxide nanoparticles with different magnetic core size and coated with PolyAcrylic Acid (PAA), is presented. A full structural, morphodimensional and magnetic characterization of the nanoparticles has been performed by means of X-ray diffraction, Dynamic Light Scattering, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Atomic Force Microscopy and SQUID DC magnetometry. The application of a heuristic model for the field dependence of the NMR relaxivity curves allowed us to evaluate the distance of minimum approach of the solvent molecules from the magnetic centers, and to conclude that the local correlation times, namely the Neél time τNand the diffusion time τDrelated to the magnetization reversal and to the diffusion process respectively, depend strongly on the core size. A preliminary evaluation of their r2efficiency as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) contrast agents is also performed by means of a universal scaling law model. The results of our experimental investigation should allow to tailor the physical properties of the nanoparticles for obtaining systems with a resultant contrast efficiency optimized for the in-vivo application of MRI at pre-clinical and clinical level.
|Titolo:||Tailoring the magnetic core of organic-coated iron oxides nanoparticles to influence their contrast efficiency for Magnetic Resonance Imaging|
|Parole Chiave:||Magnetic nanoparticles; Magnetic resonance imaging; Nanomagnetism; Nuclear magnetic resonance; Mechanics of Materials; Mechanical Engineering; 2506; Materials Chemistry; Metals and Alloys|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.08.120|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|