AIM: To describe and evaluate the anaesthesiological regimen used in neurophysiologically monitored image-guided mini-invasive neurosurgery. MATERIAL and METHODS: Twenty-four patients underwent elective surgery under general anaesthesia that was administered through Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) for effect-site concentration (Ce) of Propofol and Remifentanil, targeting the Bispectral Index (BIS) in the 40-60 intervals. The stimulating intensity of transcranial motor evoked potentials (tMEP), BIS, Propofol and Remifentanil Ce were collected at MEPs threshold (T) definition (respectively BIS@T, CeProp@T and CeRemi@T). Intraoperative seizure, explicit recall for intraoperative awareness and clinical motor status were assessed. RESULTS: CeProp@T and CeRemi@T ranged respectively between 1.5-2.2 mu g/ml (Median 1.6 mu g/ml) and 3.5-18 ng/ml (Median 8 ng/ml) that were effective in keeping the BIS@T between 40 and 60 in all surgeries. tMEP thresholds ranged between 45 and 120 mA. There was no correlation between CeProp@T, CeRemi@T and tMEP, as well as between BIS@T and respectively tMEP, CeProp@T, CeRemi@T. None of patients had induced electrical seizure or explicit recalls. Motor scores were equal to preoperative values in 22/24 patients. CONCLUSION: BIS-guided general anaesthesia within a 40-60 interval, with low Ce of Propofol (<= 2 mu/ml) and high analgesic regime allow reliable tMEP measurements, avoiding postoperative neurological impairment and major adverse outcomes, such as seizure and awareness.
|Titolo:||Motor Evoked Potentials and Bispectral Index-Guided Anaesthesia in Image-Guided Mini-Invasive Neurosurgery of Supratentorial Tumors Nearby the Cortico-Spinal Tract|
|Parole Chiave:||Bispectral index; Brain motor area; Motor evoked potentials; Propofol; Remifentanil|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||lug-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.20023-17.1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|