The relevance of the cerebral venous system is often underestimated during neurosurgical procedures. Damage to this draining system can have catastrophic implications for the patient. Surgical decision-making and planning must consider each component of the venous compartment, from the medullary draining vein to the dural sinuses and extracranial veins. Intraoperative ultrasound (ioUS) permits the real-time study of venous compartments using different modalities, thus allowing complete characterization of their anatomical and functional features. The B-mode (brightness mode) offers a high-resolution anatomical representation of veins and their relationships with lesions. Doppler modalities (color, power, spectral) allow the study of blood flow and identification of vessels to distinguish their functional characteristics. Contrast-enhanced US allows one to perform real-time angiosonography showing both the functional and the anatomical aspects of vessels. In this technical report, the authors demonstrate the different applications of multimodal ioUS in neurosurgery for identifying the anatomical and functional characteristics of the venous compartment. They discuss the general principles and technical nuances of ioUS and analyze their potential implications for the study of various venous districts during neurosurgical procedures.
|Titolo:||Dynamic assessment of venous anatomy and function in neurosurgery with real-time intraoperative multimodal ultrasound: technical note|
|Parole Chiave:||intraoperative imaging; contrast-enhanced ultrasound; intraoperative ultrasound; cerebral veins; extracranial veins; dural sinuses|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3171/2018.4.FOCUS18101|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|