OBJECTIVE: To detect exogenous recombinant human GH (rhGH) abuse in female athletes. DESIGN: GH-dependent markers were assayed in serum of 100 female athletes (control group) and in a subgroup of nine female subjects treated with rhGH (0.09 IU/kg body weight, 6 days/week for 3 weeks). METHODS: Cut-off values (mean+2 s.d.) for IGF1, N-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) were calculated and arbitrary scores (1.5 or 2.0) were assigned to abnormal markers. By using the sum of individual marker scores, positive (> or =3) or negative (<3) scores were obtained. RESULTS: None of the control group obtained a positive score (> or =3). Abnormal IGF1, PIIINP and ICTP levels were found in 61.4, 54.5 and 11.4% samples of the treated group. Overall, positive cases were present in 43.2% blood samples drawn in subjects treated with rhGH and in 26% of samples after rhGH withdrawal. The sensitivity of the detection approach was 66.6% at the end of 3-week rhGH treatment and 11.1% at the 15th day of rhGH withdrawal, while the specificity was 100%. CONCLUSION: Detection test for rhGH administration appears less sensitive in female (66.6%) than in male athletes (previous observation, 100% after 3 weeks of comparable rhGH dose), but shows a similar specificity (98.5-100%). Since athletes supposedly use very high doses and long-term administration of rhGH for doping purposes, it is foreseen that the here-in detection test would in future increase its strength.
Combined evaluation of resting IGF1, N-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen and C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen levels might be useful for detecting inappropriate GH administration in female athletes / L. Di Luigi, A.E. Rigamonti, F. Agosti, M. Mencarelli, P. Sgrò, N. Marazzi, S.G. Cella, E.E. Müller, A. Sartorio. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0804-4643. - 160:5(2009 May), pp. 753-758.
|Titolo:||Combined evaluation of resting IGF1, N-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen and C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen levels might be useful for detecting inappropriate GH administration in female athletes|
RIGAMONTI, ANTONELLO EMILIO (Secondo)
MULLER, EUGENIO (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-08-0884|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|