Aim Intraplaque angiogenesis is associated with progressive and unstable vascular disease. Angiogenesis signals induce endothelial cells (ECs) to switch their metabolism to being highly glycolytic enabling their growth and division. The 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB3) is a key glycolytic activator. PFKFB3 inhibitors have been shown to reduce EC sprouting and seem promising compounds to be used in promoting plaque stability. Methods We studied in the human EC line EA.hy926 the effects of 3PO, a commercially available inhibitor of PFKFB3, and of two self-synthesized phenoxindazole analogues (PA-1 and PA-2; based on Boyd et al., 2015) on glycolysis, proliferation, migration, capillary networking, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and gene expression. Results The three compounds significantly reduced glycolysis levels, while PA-1 and PA-2 affected also capillary-like structure networking. Accordingly, the compounds markedly inhibited EC migration, proliferation and wound closing capacity which are essential for neovessel formation. Moreover, these inhibitors reduced the activity of proMMP-9 and MMP-2 up to 40-50% and 20-30% compared to control, respectively, while gelatinase genes expression was downregulated by 80%. Finally, the PA compounds downregulated PFKFB3 expression whilst 3PO did not. Similarly, markers of migration and angiogenesis, such as CCL5, VCAM, VEGFA and VEGFR2, were also markedly reduced (up to 10-fold). Conclusions These findings show that PFKFB3 inhibition with PA compounds interferes with key pro-angiogenic functions, such as endothelial migration, proliferation and capillary-like structure and molecularly exerts a multitarget anti-angiogenetic activity. This project has been funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Marie Sklodowska Curie grant (#67552).

Angiogenesis inhibition with novel compounds targeting the key glycolytic enzyme PFKFB3 / A. Abdali, A. Corsini, D. Baci, C. De Dominicis, M. Zanda, M.L. Gelmi, S. Bellosta. ((Intervento presentato al 86. convegno EAS tenutosi a Lisbon nel 2018.

Angiogenesis inhibition with novel compounds targeting the key glycolytic enzyme PFKFB3

A. Abdali
Primo
Investigation
;
A. Corsini
Secondo
Supervision
;
M.L. Gelmi
Penultimo
Funding Acquisition
;
S. Bellosta
Ultimo
Supervision
2018

Abstract

Aim Intraplaque angiogenesis is associated with progressive and unstable vascular disease. Angiogenesis signals induce endothelial cells (ECs) to switch their metabolism to being highly glycolytic enabling their growth and division. The 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB3) is a key glycolytic activator. PFKFB3 inhibitors have been shown to reduce EC sprouting and seem promising compounds to be used in promoting plaque stability. Methods We studied in the human EC line EA.hy926 the effects of 3PO, a commercially available inhibitor of PFKFB3, and of two self-synthesized phenoxindazole analogues (PA-1 and PA-2; based on Boyd et al., 2015) on glycolysis, proliferation, migration, capillary networking, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and gene expression. Results The three compounds significantly reduced glycolysis levels, while PA-1 and PA-2 affected also capillary-like structure networking. Accordingly, the compounds markedly inhibited EC migration, proliferation and wound closing capacity which are essential for neovessel formation. Moreover, these inhibitors reduced the activity of proMMP-9 and MMP-2 up to 40-50% and 20-30% compared to control, respectively, while gelatinase genes expression was downregulated by 80%. Finally, the PA compounds downregulated PFKFB3 expression whilst 3PO did not. Similarly, markers of migration and angiogenesis, such as CCL5, VCAM, VEGFA and VEGFR2, were also markedly reduced (up to 10-fold). Conclusions These findings show that PFKFB3 inhibition with PA compounds interferes with key pro-angiogenic functions, such as endothelial migration, proliferation and capillary-like structure and molecularly exerts a multitarget anti-angiogenetic activity. This project has been funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Marie Sklodowska Curie grant (#67552).
PFKFB3; glycolysis; MMP; neovessel; endothelial cells
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Angiogenesis inhibition with novel compounds targeting the key glycolytic enzyme PFKFB3 / A. Abdali, A. Corsini, D. Baci, C. De Dominicis, M. Zanda, M.L. Gelmi, S. Bellosta. ((Intervento presentato al 86. convegno EAS tenutosi a Lisbon nel 2018.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/585142
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