Ammonia is an atmospheric pollutant causing acidification of soil, nutrient-N enrichment of ecosystems, and eutrophication of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. When in gaseous form, NH3 has a short atmospheric lifetime and usually deposits near its source. In the atmosphere it reacts with other compounds to form ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate aerosols, leading to the formation of secondary inorganic aerosol (PM2.5) that are a potential health hazard. Due to their smaller diameter and increased atmospheric lifetime, these particulates are able to travel long distances before being dry or wet deposited to the ground surface. This allows them to travel from rural areas to urban locations where they mix and build up in the atmosphere leading to smog or transportation to other areas. The particular unfavorable meteorological and orographic conditions of the Po Valley make this one of the most polluted region of Europe. Particulate matter pollution often exceeds the EU standards and WHO air quality guidelines for health protection. Being a main source of ammonia emissions, the agro-zootechnical compartment plays a key role in the secondary PM formation. Indeed, secondary inorganic aerosol from NH3 accounts for 40% of PM10 mass at the urban sites, and its contribution is even bigger in the rural sites. This study aims at evaluating the environmental performance of different NH3 mitigation strategies applied to Italian pig farms. Different mitigation scenarios are compared, considering the application of solutions suggested in the Best Available Technologies Reference document for the Intensive Rearing of Poultry and Pigs. Different strategies can be applied to determine the effectiveness of mitigation options: the SHERPA model or other approaches like Life Cycle Assessment can indicate the environmental benefits achievable with the different scenarios analyzed. Although techniques may be implemented and managed separately, they produce synergistic effect on the farm’s environmental impact. However, all integrated measures to reduce emissions of NH3 from pig farming will lead to a higher amount of nitrogen in the manure and to the amount that may potentially be emitted to air as NH3during the downstream process of manure storage and spreading. The reduction of NH3 emission from pig farming management steps can have a positive effect in NH3-related impact categories, such as PM formation, terrestrial acidification and eutrophication.
|Titolo:||Implementing NH3 mitigation strategies in a pig farm: different approaches to evaluate the environmental impact|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-mag-2018|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/10 - Costruzioni Rurali e Territorio Agroforestale|
|Citazione:||Implementing NH3 mitigation strategies in a pig farm: different approaches to evaluate the environmental impact / C. Baldini, J. Bacenetti, P. Fermo, M. Guarino. ((Intervento presentato al 28. convegno SETAC Europe tenutosi a Roma nel 2018.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|