The pharmacokinetic profile of a new 800-mg tablet of nonanimal chondroitin sulfate (CS) (MythocondroR©, 800-mgtablets, Gnosis S.p.A., Italy) was investigated vs an animal CS in healthy volunteers for a total period of 48 hours. After asingle 2400-mg dose of the test and the reference formulation,total CS,the compositional disaccharides (Di6S,Di4SandDi0S), and the overall charge density were quantified in plasma. The safety and tolerability profile after a singledose of this new nonanimal CS tablets was excellent. After baseline-corrected concentrations, an overall greater plasmaconcentration was observed after 24 hours of44% and after 48 hours of45% from administration of nonanimal whencompared to animal-derived CS. Moreover, nonanimal CS increases the specific sulfation in the 6-position ofN-acetyl-galactosamine in human plasma CS and, as a consequence, the overall charge density, reaching double values (0.91), after48 hours compared to bovine CS and to endogenous CS. In conclusion, nonanimal CS, possessing a lower molecularweight than an animal-derived sample, produces a greater CS concentration for a more prolonged period of time inplasma and an increase in charge density and specific 6-sulfation of endogenous plasma CS.
|Titolo:||Oral Bioavailability and Pharmacokinetics of Nonanimal Chondroitin Sulfate and Its Constituents in Healthy Male Volunteers|
VALOTI, ERMANNO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||biotechnological process, chondroitin sulfat; human plasma; oral absorption; pharmacokinetic;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||24-lug-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/cpdd.587|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|