PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) and salvage RT (SART) using a three-dimensional conformal two-dynamic arc (3D-ART) or 3D six-field technique in 431 prostate cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Of the 431 patients, 258 underwent PORT (started <6 months after radical prostatectomy) and 173 underwent SART because of biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy. The median patient age, preoperative prostate-specific antigen level, and Gleason score was 66 years, 9.4 ng/mL, and 7, respectively. The median radiation dose was 70 Gy in 35 fractions for both PORT and SART. The 3D six-field and 3D-ART techniques were used in 25.1% and 74.9% of patients, respectively. Biochemical failure was defined as a post-RT prostate-specific antigen nadir plus 0.1 ng/mL. RESULTS: Acute toxicity included rectal events (PORT, 44.2% and 0.8% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively; SART, 42.2% and 1.2% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively) and urinary events (PORT, 51.2% and 2.3% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3-4, respectively; SART, 37.6% and 0% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively). Late toxicity also included rectal events (PORT, 14.7% and 0.8% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3-4, respectively; SART, 15.0% and 0.6% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively) and urinary events (PORT, 28.3% and 3.7% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3-4, respectively; SART, 19.3% and 0.6% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively). After a median follow-up of 48 months, failure-free survival, including biochemical and clinical failure, was significantly longer in the PORT patients (79.8% vs. 60.5%, p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that a prostate-specific antigen level postoperatively but before RT of >/=0.2 ng/mL (p < 0.001), Gleason score >6 (p = 0.025) and use of preoperative androgen deprivation (p = 0.002) correlated significantly with shorter failure-free survival. Multivariate analysis showed that PORT and the 3D-ART technique correlated with greater late urinary toxicity. CONCLUSION: PORT and early referral for SART offer better disease control after radical prostatectomy. The greater urinary toxicity occurring after PORT and 3D-ART requires further investigation to improve the therapeutic index.

Sooner or later? : Outcome analysis of 431 prostate cancer patients treated with postoperative or salvage radiotherapy / B.A. Jereczek-Fossa, D. Zerini, A. Vavassori, C. Fodor, L. Santoro, A. Minissale, R. Cambria, F. Cattani, C. Garibaldi, F. Serafini, V.D. Matei, O. de Cobelli, R. Orecchia. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS. - ISSN 0360-3016. - 74:1(2009 May 01), pp. 115-125. [10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.07.057]

Sooner or later? : Outcome analysis of 431 prostate cancer patients treated with postoperative or salvage radiotherapy

B.A. Jereczek-Fossa
Primo
;
O. de Cobelli
Penultimo
;
R. Orecchia
Ultimo
2009

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) and salvage RT (SART) using a three-dimensional conformal two-dynamic arc (3D-ART) or 3D six-field technique in 431 prostate cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Of the 431 patients, 258 underwent PORT (started <6 months after radical prostatectomy) and 173 underwent SART because of biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy. The median patient age, preoperative prostate-specific antigen level, and Gleason score was 66 years, 9.4 ng/mL, and 7, respectively. The median radiation dose was 70 Gy in 35 fractions for both PORT and SART. The 3D six-field and 3D-ART techniques were used in 25.1% and 74.9% of patients, respectively. Biochemical failure was defined as a post-RT prostate-specific antigen nadir plus 0.1 ng/mL. RESULTS: Acute toxicity included rectal events (PORT, 44.2% and 0.8% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively; SART, 42.2% and 1.2% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively) and urinary events (PORT, 51.2% and 2.3% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3-4, respectively; SART, 37.6% and 0% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively). Late toxicity also included rectal events (PORT, 14.7% and 0.8% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3-4, respectively; SART, 15.0% and 0.6% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively) and urinary events (PORT, 28.3% and 3.7% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3-4, respectively; SART, 19.3% and 0.6% Grade 1-2 and Grade 3, respectively). After a median follow-up of 48 months, failure-free survival, including biochemical and clinical failure, was significantly longer in the PORT patients (79.8% vs. 60.5%, p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that a prostate-specific antigen level postoperatively but before RT of >/=0.2 ng/mL (p < 0.001), Gleason score >6 (p = 0.025) and use of preoperative androgen deprivation (p = 0.002) correlated significantly with shorter failure-free survival. Multivariate analysis showed that PORT and the 3D-ART technique correlated with greater late urinary toxicity. CONCLUSION: PORT and early referral for SART offer better disease control after radical prostatectomy. The greater urinary toxicity occurring after PORT and 3D-ART requires further investigation to improve the therapeutic index.
Conformal radiotherapy; Dynamic arc; Postoperative radiotherapy; Prostate cancer; Salvage radiotherapy
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
Settore MED/24 - Urologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/58246
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