We investigate the rheological properties of a simplified version of a liquid detergent composed of an aqueous solution of the linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) surfactant, in which a small amount of fibers made of hydrogenated castor oil (HCO) is dispersed. At the concentration typically used in detergents, LAS is in a worm-like micellar phase exhibiting a Maxwellian behavior. The presence of HCO fibers provides elastic properties, such that the system behaves as a simple Zener body, mechanically characterized by a parallel connection of a spring and a Maxwell element. Despite this apparent independence of the contributions of the fibers and the surfactant medium to the mechanical characteristics of the system, we find that the low frequency modulus increases with increasing LAS concentration. This indicates that LAS induces attractive interactions among the HCO fibers, resulting in the formation of a stress-bearing structure that withstands shear at HCO concentrations, where the HCO fibers in the absence of attractive interactions would not sufficiently overlap to provide stress-bearing properties to the system.

Colloidal fibers as structurant for worm-like micellar solutions / G. Zanchetta, S. Mirzaagha, V. Guida, F. Zonfrilli, M. Caggioni, N. Grizzuti, R. Pasquino, V. Trappe. - In: COLLOID AND POLYMER SCIENCE. - ISSN 0303-402X. - 296:8(2018 Aug), pp. 1379-1385. [10.1007/s00396-018-4357-0]

Colloidal fibers as structurant for worm-like micellar solutions

Zanchetta, Giuliano;
2018-08

Abstract

We investigate the rheological properties of a simplified version of a liquid detergent composed of an aqueous solution of the linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) surfactant, in which a small amount of fibers made of hydrogenated castor oil (HCO) is dispersed. At the concentration typically used in detergents, LAS is in a worm-like micellar phase exhibiting a Maxwellian behavior. The presence of HCO fibers provides elastic properties, such that the system behaves as a simple Zener body, mechanically characterized by a parallel connection of a spring and a Maxwell element. Despite this apparent independence of the contributions of the fibers and the surfactant medium to the mechanical characteristics of the system, we find that the low frequency modulus increases with increasing LAS concentration. This indicates that LAS induces attractive interactions among the HCO fibers, resulting in the formation of a stress-bearing structure that withstands shear at HCO concentrations, where the HCO fibers in the absence of attractive interactions would not sufficiently overlap to provide stress-bearing properties to the system.
colloidal fiber; gel; depletion; worm-likemicelle; rheology
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
28-giu-2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/580353
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