Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is clinically characterized by behavioral changes, language impairment, and executive dysfunction. FTD usually belongs to the frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) disease group, and its familial forms are dominantly inherited and linked to a group of genes relevant to frontal and temporal brain pathology, such as MAPT, GRN, C9ORF72, TARDBP, CHMP2B, VCP, and FUS. However, FTD can also be associated with different clinical or pathological phenotypes caused by mutations in other genes, whose heredity can be dominant or recessive. In this work we report on a familial case of FTD characterized by behavioral changes and aphasia, very early onset and very long duration, choreic movements, and white matter lesions at magnetic resonance imaging. We performed a wide-range genetic analysis, using a next generation sequencing approach, to evaluate a number of genes involved in neurodegeneration. We found a previously unreported compound heterozygous mutation in TREM2, that is commonly associated with the recessively inherited Nasu-Hakola disease. We discuss the differential diagnosis to be taken into account in cases of FTD presenting with atypical features.

Frontotemporal Dementia and Chorea Associated with a Compound Heterozygous TREM2 Mutation / V. Redaelli, E. Salsano, L. Colleoni, P. Corbetta, G. Tringali, A. Del Sole, G. Giaccone, G. Rossi. - In: JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 1387-2877. - 63:1(2018), pp. 195-201. [10.3233/JAD-180018]

Frontotemporal Dementia and Chorea Associated with a Compound Heterozygous TREM2 Mutation

A. Del Sole;
2018

Abstract

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is clinically characterized by behavioral changes, language impairment, and executive dysfunction. FTD usually belongs to the frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) disease group, and its familial forms are dominantly inherited and linked to a group of genes relevant to frontal and temporal brain pathology, such as MAPT, GRN, C9ORF72, TARDBP, CHMP2B, VCP, and FUS. However, FTD can also be associated with different clinical or pathological phenotypes caused by mutations in other genes, whose heredity can be dominant or recessive. In this work we report on a familial case of FTD characterized by behavioral changes and aphasia, very early onset and very long duration, choreic movements, and white matter lesions at magnetic resonance imaging. We performed a wide-range genetic analysis, using a next generation sequencing approach, to evaluate a number of genes involved in neurodegeneration. We found a previously unreported compound heterozygous mutation in TREM2, that is commonly associated with the recessively inherited Nasu-Hakola disease. We discuss the differential diagnosis to be taken into account in cases of FTD presenting with atypical features.
Chorea; Nasu-Hakola disease; TREM2; differential diagnosis; frontotemporal dementia; genetic analysis; next generation sequencing; white matter
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/578789
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