Accurate assessment of the value of the incompressibility coefficient, K-infinity of symmetric nuclear matter, which is directly related to the curvature of the equation of state (EOS), is needed to extend our knowledge of the EOS in the vicinity of the saturation point. We review the current status of K-infinity as determined from experimental data on isoscalar giant monopole and dipole resonances (compression modes) in nuclei by employing the microscopic theory based on the Random Phase Approximation (RPA). The importance of full self-consistent calculations is emphasized. In recent years, a comparision between RPA calculations based on either non-relativistic effective interactions or relativistic Lagrangians has been pursued in great detail. It has been pointed out that these two types of models embed different ansatz for the density dependence of the symmetry energy. This fact has consequences on the extraction of the nuclear incompressibility, as it is discussed. The comparison with other ways of extracting K-infinity from experimental data is highlighted.
|Titolo:||The compression modes in atomic nuclei and their relevance for the nuclear equation of state|
|Autori interni:||COLO', GIANLUCA (Primo)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1134/S1063779608020056|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|