Archaeobotanical-archaeological, cultural and historical data indicate that grapevine domestication can be dated back from 6000 to 7000 years ago and that it took place in the Caucasian and Middle East Regions. However, events leading to the domestication of this crop species are still an open issue. In this paper, 6 chloroplast microsatellites have been used to assess genetic similarities among, and within, domesticated and wild grapevine accessions representative of 7 distinct geographical regions from the Middle-East to Western Europe. Results show that 2 out of the 6 analyzed chloroplast loci are polymorphic within the 193 domesticated individuals and the 387 samples of 69 wild populations. Allele variants of the Cp-SSR loci combine in a total of 6 different haplotypes. The data show that the haplotype distribution is not homogeneous: the 6 haplotypes are present in the domesticated varieties, but only 5 (haplotype VI is absent) are observed in wild populations. The analysis of haplotype distribution allows discussion of the relationships between the two grape subspecies. The contribution of the wild grape germplasm to the domesticated gene pool still growing in different geographical regions can be, in cases, made evident, suggesting that beside domestication, gene introgression has also played a role in shaping the current varietal landscape of the European viticulture.
|Titolo:||Study of Genetic Relationships Between Wild and Domesticated Grapevine Distributed from Middle East Regions to European Countries|
|Parole Chiave:||Chloroplast microsatellite; Crop domestication; Grapevine; Vitis vinifera L|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/03 - Arboricoltura Generale e Coltivazioni Arboree|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s12210-008-0016-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|